Trametopsis brasiliensis basidiomes are known only from two collections made in 1992 and 1999. The specimens are from two localities in high altitude environments of the Brazilian southern Atlantic Forest domain. Both sites are in the mixed ombrophilous forest (above 900 m a.s.l.) in Paraná State.
It is likely a rare species, as areas of mixed ombrophilous forest are among the most surveyed of the Atlantic Forest in southern Brazil, where in ca. 15 years of intensive sampling no specimens have been found.
The total number of mature individuals is estimated to be no more than 3,000, restricted to one subpopulation. The population is predicted to decline by at least 24% over the next 20 years, driven by continued loss and degradation of the habitat due to human activity and climate change. The species is assessed as Vulnerable under the criterion C1+2a(ii).
Trametopsis brasiliensis was described in 2002 in the genus Antrodiella (Ryvarden & de Meijer 2002) and later transferred to Trametospis based on molecular and morphological data (Gomez-Montoya et al. 2017). It’s phylogenetic placement was first studied by Miettinen et al. (2012) when the type specimen was sequenced.
This is a rare species, known only from 2 collections found in Paraná State, Brazil, over 20 years ago. It is likely to become even rarer with the continued loss and degradation of the habitat in the Atlantic Forest due to human activity and climate change.
Currently, Trametopsis brasiliensis basidiomes are known only from two localities in high altitude environments in the southern Atlantic Forest domain of Brazil, both in Araucaria forests (above 900 m alt.) in Paraná State. These two sites are separated by only about 30 km. The species is expected to occur in Araucaria Forests in southern Brazil, and possibly extended to some other montane environments in the Atlantic Forest.
The species was first collected in 1992 and later in 1999, both collections from Paraná State, Brazil, in the Araucaria Forest. In the period of 10 years between the first collection and the species description, these were the only specimens found, and remain to this day as the only collections known of the species. Therefore, this is a rare species, as Araucaria Forests are among the most surveyed in southern Brazil, such as the São Joaquim National Park and the São Francisco de Paula National Park, where in almost 20 years of intensive sampling no specimens have been found. Based on the extent of potential appropriate habitat, the species could occur in up to 500 additional sites, each supporting 2-3 mature individuals resulting in an estimate of no more than 3,000 mature individuals; restricted to one subpopulation.
The population is predicted to decline by at least 24% over the next 20 years, due to continued loss and degradation of the required habitat due to human activity and impact of climate change (Tagliari et al. 2021). Population decline was estimated in light of extensive loss of suitable habitat (Castro et al. 2020) and the putative influence that habitat degradation has on species occupation in a given environment (Berglund & Jonsson 2002, Haddad et al. 2015)
Population Trend: Decreasing
Trametopsis brasiliensis is saprobic and lignicolous, causing a white-rot. The specimens from southern Brazil were described as found on branches of dicotyledonous trees, but no information on the host species was provided. It is known only from montane environments in Araucaria Forests (mixed ombrophilous forest).
The species is known from two localities about 30km from each other, in Araucaria Forests in the Atlantic Forest domain. The deforestation rate of the Atlantic Forest largely declined in the last two decades. However, it was the most exploited ecosystem, and only 28% of its natural coverage remains, largely composed of small forest fragments and secondary forests (Tabarelli et al. 2010, Rezende et al. 2018). The two specimens known were found in Araucaria Forests (mixed ombrophilous forest), which is characterized by the presence of the species Araucaria angustifolia, which is assessed as CR on the IUCN Red List (Thomas 2013). These forests are restricted to regions with subtropical climate in southern/south-eastern Brazil, as well as north-eastern Argentina and parts of Paraguay. However, they have lost about 97% of the original cover in the last 100 years, mainly due to logging, a decline that is still ongoing, and currently are mostly found in southern Brazil. Additionally, only a small part of the Araucaria Forests are in conservation areas, and studies suggest that, due to climate change, by 2070 they could be restricted to highland microrefugia, from which only 2,5% are in conservation areas (Castro et al. 2020, Tagliari et al. 2021).
Each of the known localities are in Conservation Areas, but the species also likely occurs in non-protected areas. The main conservation action required is the continuity and enhancement of protection within Conservation Areas and implementation of habitat protection and management at other sites inside the Atlantic Forest in an attempt to protect the remaining habitat fragments of the domain.
Trametopsis brasiliensis has been extensively studied by several authors (Miettinen et al. 2012, Gomez-Montoya et al. 2017, Westphalen et al. 2018). However, more surveys are needed in other areas with Araucaria Forests as well as montane dense ombrophilous forests to confirm the species’ range and ecology, since its occurrence may be more restricted than the estimate. In addition, culture studies to better understand the species biology would also be important, especially considering Trametopsis is a small genus with only three species confirmed.
No known use
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