Also known as Rhizoglomus intraradices or Glomus intraradices. Its spores are cream to yellowish brown, sometimes with a green hue. The color is highly variable in these shades. Irregularly shaped, with many elliptical spores. The outermost layer of the spore is hyaline, mucilagenic.
Due to the several records worldwide, we suggest this species to be categorized as Least Concern (LC).
Glomus intraradices is one of the most intensely studied arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Thus, it has a high occurrence, with registration in several countries worldwide. This is the first record of the species for Brazil, however it is well mentioned in different places.
The ease of multiplying this species, allows a greater number of experiments to be carried out and a greater knowledge about the species. Thus, it is believed that it is capable of resisting a variability in environmental conditions, which corroborates with more registration of this species in other environments.
In Brazil, this species is registered in different biomes, such as Amazon rainforest, Cerrado, Atlantic rainforest, Caatinga and Pantanal
Rhizophagus intraradices is present in anthropized environments, high rates of anthropogenic disturbances such as deforestation, can have an effect on the population of this species.
Rhizophagus intraradices is easy to propagate in trap culture in association with different host plants (leek, parsley, Bahia grass, sorghum, etc.) which can assist in species maintenance. However, to conserve the species in its natural environment it is necessary to preserve not only the fungus, but also the vegetation and the associated soil.
Other areas should be studied to assess the distribution of this species. In addition to a greater understanding of the effects of human disturbances on the species.
WINAGRASKI, Etienne et al. DIVERSITY OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI IN FOREST ECOSYSTEMS OF BRAZIL: A REVIEW. Cerne, v. 25, n. 1, p. 25-35, 2019.
JOBIM¹, KHADIJA; OLIVEIRA, BRUNA IOHANNA SANTOS; GOTO, BRUNO TOMIO. Checklist of the Glomeromycota in the Brazilian Savanna. 2016.
SUBRAMANIAN, Kizhareal S. et al. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Rhizoglomus intraradices on active and passive pools of carbon in long-term soil fertility gradients of maize based cropping system. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, v. 65, n. 4, p. 549-565, 2019.
MAIA, Leonor Costa et al. Species diversity of Glomeromycota in Brazilian biomes. Sydowia, v. 72, p. 181-205, 2020.