Described as Glomus claroideum. The spores of the species are 80-160 µm in size, with colors ranging from cream to light yellow, spore wall with four layers.
Due to the several records worldwide, we suggest this species to be categorized as Least Concern (LC).
Very common species, distributed in several countries (23) with 417 occurrence recorded in GBIF.
This is one of the most common species of Glomeromycota, recorded in
more than 20 countries in America, Africa, Asia, and Europe.
Population Trend: Improving
In Brazil, this species is registered in different biomes, such as Amazon rainforest, Cerrado, Atlantic rainforest and Caatinga
As mandatory symbionts, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi pass a part of the life cycle associated with a host (plant). Thus, the main threats related to these fungi are the loss of vegetation and soil disturbances.
Soil microorganisms, especially arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, receive little attention in the field of conservation biology, although they play a crucial role in the production of fundamental ecosystem services, such as fertility, soil formation and maintenance, nutrient cycling and plant community dynamics , among others. For the conservation of these fungi, in addition to the soil, it is also necessary to preserve the associated
In a future scenario, it is important to develop an information system that can predict the degree to which plants depend on mycorrhizal fungi and the effects of this association for both symbionts. In this perspective, understanding more about the evolutionary history and ecological aspects of these fungi, can help to understand the variation in functional attributes between species and even predict the result of interactions between the fungus and the host.
MAIA, Leonor Costa et al. Species diversity of Glomeromycota in Brazilian biomes. Sydowia, v. 72, p. 181-205, 2020.