The type specimen of this species was collected from Pennant Hills. near Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia, in June of 1874, as part of the H.M.S. Challenger Expedition (Pegler 1965). This species is abundant across Australia, with the majority of records coming from the south of the country, and particularly from Tasmania, however multiple recordings have been made to the north and to the west (geographic data provided by gbif). It appears as if 65 specimens are recorded under preservation by the New York Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection, the University of Vienna, Institute for Botany Herbarium, and by Australian AVH records.
Population and Trends
This species is widespread across Australia, and although it appears as if as many as 65 specimens exist under preservation, the remainder of records come from human observation, often within threatened habitat. Further research is required in order to assess the extent to which this habitat is significantly threatened, but at this time it is reasonable to assume that this species’ wild populations are in decline.
Population Trend: Decreasing
Habitat and Ecology
This species is known to be widespread across Australia, with over 1000 documented occurrences. This species fruits in groups or clusters on the ground in mixed forests of Casuarina and Eucalyptus (Young 2005).
Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest
Although no published literature describes the threats impacting this species exactly, it can be inferred that this species is likely to be threatened by temperature extremes as a result of drought, livestock farming and ranching, and deforestation for timber harvesting. Further research is needed to confirm these inferences.
This species’ habitat is thought to be threatened, and so protection thereof is important for the conservation of this species.
Resource & habitat protection
Further research into the extent to which this species is threatened is required in order to accurately classify this species and to guide conservation action. Information regarding its habitat, and the species with which this species interacts would also aid in this effort.
Population size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyThreats