- Scientific name
- Tulostoma domingueziae
- Hern. Caffot
- Common names
- IUCN Specialist Group
- Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
- Assessment status
- Assessment date
- IUCN Red List Category
- IUCN Red List Criteria
- Kuhar, F., Greslebin, A. & Pfister, D.
- Mueller, G.M.
This species has a restricted range in the Polylepis australis
forest of the Cordoba High Mountains of Argentina. It is only known from two sites, and the overall population size is estimated to be very small (100-200 mature individuals) and in decline. Therefore, this species is listed as Critically Endangered.
There are no synonyms reported.
It is restricted to Polylepis australis
mature woodlands from Cordoba High Mountains in central Argentina. Materials were collected at: Dpto. San Javier: (1) Quebrada El Hueco (i.e. 31º58’33’‘S, 64º57’42’‘W) and (2) Quebrada del Tigre (i.e. 32º00’39.3’‘S, 64º57’33.3’‘W).
Population and Trends
Given the intense sampling efforts and the fact that no further reports were made, we can assume that the population, measured in fruiting bodies, is small. This is also supported by revisions of herbarium materials of gasteroid fungi from the surrounding provinces without matches with this species. The species seem to be restricted to the Polylepis australis forests. Assuming that there could be 5 to 10 times as many sites for this species within its restricted habitat, and that there could be up to 10 mature individuals per site, an overall population size of 100-200 mature individuals is estimated. This extremely small population is considered to be in decline due to ongoing habitat deterioration and fragmentation.
Population Trend: decreasing
Habitat and Ecology
It is saprotrophic on soil and litter in dry Polylepis australis
This species is impacted by soil and litter modification caused by heavy invasions of non-native plants. Ligustrum lucidum
and Pyracantha coccinea
are the main tree species invading these forests and research shows that at least L . lucidum
heavily modifies the substrate conditions. Agricultural expansion could also be an issue causing habitat fragmentation.
Strict measures are needed to control the advance of the invasive species without compromising the gene flow between forest patches. Conservation of remaining forest patches would also be beneficial. There are many ongoing research lines on invasive species in this area but actions involving citizens would help improve the chances, since a massive effort is needed to control these species. Further research on the abundance of this species would be very useful to determine whether the species may be more abundant than precautionarily estimated here.
Use and Trade
There are no uses recorded.
Source and Citation
Kuhar, F., Greslebin, A. & Pfister, D. 2020. Tulostoma domingueziae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T172742153A172861262. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T172742153A172861262.en
.Accessed on 3 February 2022