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Clavulina tepurumenga T.W. Henkel & Aime

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Scientific name
Clavulina tepurumenga
Author
T.W. Henkel & Aime
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Cantharellales
Family
Clavulinaceae
Assessment status
Published
Assessment date
2020-04-03
IUCN Red List Category
DD
Assessors
Smith, M. & Dentinger, B.
Reviewers
Neves, M.A. & Mueller, G.M.

Assessment Notes

The content on this page is fetched from The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/172740982/172861227

Justification

This species is known from a few sites in Guyana, where a tiny fraction of its possible suitable habitat has been surveyed. It has also been reported from Colombia. Potential host plants occur in a large region encompassing parts of Venezuela, northern Brazil and south-east Colombia. This entire region is very under-sampled, being very remote and completely unsurveyed. In total approximately 0.002% of its potential suitable habitat has been surveyed for fungi. It is not possible to estimate population size or trends, extent of occurrence, or area of occupancy. Increasing threats from timber and mineral extraction, and land use changes are anticipated, with the potential for these to be rapid if further road construction occurs. It is therefore assessed as Data Deficient, and further survey work in this region is urgently needed.

Geographic range

This species occurs in Dicymbe corymbosa (Fabaceae) forests; it is known from the upper basins of the Potaro and Mazaruni rivers in the Pakaraima Mountains of Guyana. There are reports of this species from Colombia (A.M. Vasco-Palacios unpublished data), however the sequences have low genetic similarity to the Guyanan collections, and so we currently regard them as belonging to a separate species.

It has been reported from four sites in Guyana, with multiple localities at some sites:1. Region 8 Potaro-Siparuni: Pakaraima Mountains, Upper Potaro River Basin, within 10 km radius of 5.301, -59.911, 710–750 m: 2 km south-east of base camp near Dicymbe plot 2; 3 km south-west of base camp near Dicymbe plot 3; 2.5 km south-east of base camp in mixed forest plot 2; 1 km north-east of base camp near Leon’s camp; 1.5 km east of Ayanganna airstrip on ironstone ridge north of Potaro River; vicinity of old Ayanganna airstrip; 1.5 km south-east of base camp in Dicymbe plot 1; 1 km west of base camp2. Region 8 Potaro-Siparuni: ~4.5 h walk NE of Kopinang Village, near 5.05, -59.80, 640 m, on ground along creek in Dicymbe-dominated forest; Kopinang Mountain, SE slope along Kopinang-Orinduik Trail3. Region 8 Potaro-Siparuni: 1.5 h walk S of Kopinang Village on steep slope, near 4.95, -59.88, 750–790 m, on ground under caesalpinioid legumes. 4. Region 7 Cuyuni-Mazuruni: Pakaraima Mountains, Upper Mazaruni River Basin, foothills immediately S of Mount Ayanganna, ~1 km W of Pong River, on ground in forest dominated by Inga, Dicymbe and Swartzia, near 5.467, -60.067, 550–600 m.

Based on the currently known sites, it has an extent of occurrence of 2,527 km2 and an area of occupancy of 16 km2, however the true extent of its distribution is not known.

This entire region is very under-sampled, and there are areas in neighbouring Venezuela, northern Brazil and south-east Colombia with similar habitats but which are very remote and completely unsurveyed. Given the records of a morphologically similar fungus from Colombia which appears to represent a different species, it is possible that there are multiple similar species in this group each with somewhat restricted ecological requirements and/or distributions.

Population and Trends

It occurs frequently during the May-June rainy season, but not in large abundance. It may be a common ectomycorrhizal associate of Dicymbe across the wider Guiana Shield region, however this is unknown. It is therefore not possible to estimate how many additional sites it occupies, and therefore its population size is unknown.

Population Trend: unknown


Habitat and Ecology

This species is exclusively found in Dicymbe corymbosa forests. “Scattered, caespitose, in pairs or rarely solitary in humus layers on lateritic ironstone soils in D. corymbosa-dominated forests; common throughout May–Jul rainy season; basidiomata persistent 1–3 wk. Known from the upper basins of the Potaro and Mazaruni rivers in the Pakaraima Mountains of Guyana.” (Henkel et al. 2011).

Threats

Current threats include climate change and small-scale mineral extraction that can cause habitat disturbance and water pollution although these threats are currently not thought to be severe as much of the interior of the region is very remote. Future threats from timber and mineral extraction, and land use changes are anticipated, with the potential for these to be rapid if further road construction occurs. Further impacts of climate change, particularly droughts, are also anticipated.

Conservation Actions

No conservation actions are currently in place for this species. Protection of habitat is needed. Potential impacts of harvesting on population genetics should be investigated. Additionally, survey work to document the species’ distribution and abundance, taxonomy, and life history are needed.

Use and Trade

This species is a prized wild edible. It fills an important dietary role seasonally for the Patamona people of Guyana (Henkel et al. 2004, 2011).

Source and Citation

Smith, M. & Dentinger, B. 2020. Clavulina tepurumenga. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T172740982A172861227. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T172740982A172861227.en .Accessed on 1 February 2022

Country occurrence