• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Cladosporium perangustum Bensch, Crous & U. Braun

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Scientific name
Cladosporium perangustum
Author
Bensch, Crous & U. Braun
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Cup-fungi, Truffles and Allies
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Ascomycota
Class
Dothideomycetes
Order
Capnodiales
Family
Davidiellaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Anthony Cavalcanti
Comments etc.
Anthony Cavalcanti

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

It is part of the Cladosporium cladosporioides complex and morphologically very similar with C. exile and C. scabrellum, differing by the size of the conidiophore and conidia. Similar to C. cladosporioides and C. pseudocladosporioides, C.
perangustum could probably also be a species complex, since there
are more phylogenetic differences in that clade for both ACT and
TEF than between some of the other more closely related species
that we recognise as distinct species. However, the morphology of
all isolates is quite uniform and the clade phylogenetically highly
supported (Bensch et al., 2010).


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Cladosporium perangustum has few records in the world, most of the time occurring as an endophyte and phytopathogen. In Brazil, there are records of the species in the Atlantic Forest and in the Amazon rainforest. I suggest including it in the near threatened category.


Geographic range

According to GBIF the species has 27 occurrences in 7 countries. In Brazil the species occurs in the Amazon Forest and the Atlantic Forest.


Population and Trends

There are about 27 records of the species in the world, of which nine (34%) are in the United States of America. Despite its global distribution, the species appears to be little common.
In Brazil Cladosporium perangustum occurs in the Atlantic Forest and the Amazon Forest, two hotspots of biodeversity, but extremely threatened.

Population Trend:


Habitat and Ecology

Worldwide distribution, but found mainly in the United States of America and Australia.

Subtropical/Tropical Dry ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestSubtropical/Tropical Mangrove Forest Vegetation Above High Tide LevelSubtropical/Tropical Swamp ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Montane ForestDry SavannaSubtropical/Tropical Dry Lowland Grassland

Threats

In general, the specie occurs in forest areas, some of which are threatened by deforestation and urbanization, such as the Atlantic Forest and the Amazon Forest in Brazil.

Housing & urban areasCommercial & industrial areasTourism & recreation areasShifting agricultureSmall-holder farmingAgro-industry grazing, ranching or farming

Conservation Actions

Most records of Cladosporium perangustum in Brazil are in areas of environmental protection, but are also found in agricultural areas.

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionSite/area managementFormal educationAwareness & communications

Research needed

According to Bensch et al. (2010) probably Cladosporium perangustum could be a species complex, because there are more phylogenetic differences in this clade than among some of the other more closely related species. More in-depth molecular studies could elucidate this issue, allowing greater taxonomic knowledge of this species.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyArea-based Management Plan

Use and Trade

Unpublished experiments with Cladosporium perangustum isolates in Brazil have shown that this species has the potential for the production of L-asparaginase enzyme.

Manufacturing chemicals

Bibliography


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted