• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Neofusicoccum umdonicola Pavlic, Slippers & M.J. Wingf.

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Scientific name
Neofusicoccum umdonicola
Author
Pavlic, Slippers & M.J. Wingf.
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Cup-fungi, Truffles and Allies
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Ascomycota
Class
Dothideomycetes
Order
Botryosphaeriales
Family
Botryosphaeriaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Anthony Cavalcanti
Comments etc.
Anthony Cavalcanti

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Neofusicoccum umdonicola is morphologically similar to other related species in the N. parvum/N. ribis species complex. Conidia of N. umdonicola are hyaline, unicellular, fusiform to oval, apices tapered (Pavlic et al., 2009).
N. umdonicola differs from other species in the N. parvum/N. ribis complex by uniquely fixed nucleotides in four nuclear loci: internal transcribed spacer rDNA (ITS1, 5.8S and ITS2), translation elongation factor (1-a), btubulin-2, RNA polymerase II subunit.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

The species was firstly collected in South Africa in 2008, country with the highest number of occurrences, but there is still little data on its ecology. In Brazil, the area of ​​occurrence is the Atlantic Forest, one of the main global biodiversity hotspots, threatened by urbanization. I suggest inclusion of it in the near threatened category.


Geographic range

The species is known in two countries, but GBIF shows only one. South Africa has 5 occurrences, while in Brazil it is known in one of the 26 states.


Population and Trends

There are about 6 records of the species in the world, of which five (84%) are in South Africa.  Brazil has one occurrence of Neofusicoccum umdonicola, in the states of Alagoas (unpublished).

Population Trend:


Habitat and Ecology

The species is found mainly in South Africa, presenting only one record (as endophyte) in Brazil.

Temperate ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest

Threats

The one occurrence of the species in Brazil were in the Atlantic Forest, one of the largest biodiversity hotspot on the planet.

Housing & urban areasCommercial & industrial areasTourism & recreation areasShifting agricultureSmall-holder farmingAgro-industry farmingAgro-industry grazing, ranching or farming

Conservation Actions

In Brazil it occurs in an area of ​​environmental protection, but it is also found in agricultural areas in South Africa.

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionSite/area managementFormal educationAwareness & communications

Research needed

Studies of other biomes will contribute to assessing the species distribution.
It is part of the Neofusicoccum parvum-Neofusicoccum ribis species complex, and molecular studies need to be used to assist in species recognition, providing knowledge about the diversity in Botryosphaeriaceae.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyArea-based Management Plan

Use and Trade

So far there are no studies on the use or trade of the species.


Bibliography


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted