• Proposed
  • Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Campanophyllum proboscideum (Fr.) Cifuentes & R.H. Petersen

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Scientific name
Campanophyllum proboscideum
(Fr.) Cifuentes & R.H. Petersen
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Assessment status
Under Assessment
Proposed by
Joaquin Cifuentes
Joaquin Cifuentes
Thomas Læssøe
Comments etc.
Anders Dahlberg

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Campanophyllum was proposed as a new genus name to accommodate Lentinus proboscideus Fries.

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

A monotypic genus with gilled cyphelloid basidiomes. Morphological and DNA analysis along with mating experiments showed this taxon to be a separate and distinct genus (Cifuentes et al., 2003). Campanophyllum appears to be placed in the “/gloeostereae” clade where it is nested with Cheimonophyllum, Chondrostereum and Gloeostereum
On Wood, mostly oak and cloud forest, Mexico, Central America, Ecuador.

Endanreged under IUCN A4c criteria because of strong habitat past and future decline plus small population.

Geographic range

Campanophyllum proboscideum is an exclusively neotropical species with wide range from Mexico (Guerrero, Hidalgo, Michoacán, Oaxaca, State of Mexico, Tlaxcala, Veracruz), Colombia, Costa Rica, to Ecuador. A look-alike quite doubtful record from Buthan needs to be confirmed.

Population and Trends

≤ 30 known localities, most finds in Mexico and Costa Rica.

Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology

It has been recorded from both temperate and cloud forest in the neotropics, habitat strongly threathened. Saprotroph, on unidentified hardwood, mostly veteran trees, some on alive trees.

Temperate ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest


Mexican and Central American temperate forests, associated with mountain chains; are among those preferred ecosystems for activities such as agriculture and animal husbandry. Therefore temperate areas are considered habitats that have been highly disturbed and they are most threatened and almost 30% have been deforested so far(Luna-Vega et al., 2006, Galicia and Gómez-García, 2010). Cloud forests are recognized as one of the most globally threatened plant communities because of their naturally scattered distribution along a narrow elevational belt in which intense land-use change continues.to take place. Around 60% of cloud forest trees are critically endargered to vulnerable and 50% of the original forest has been changed to other land uses (González-Espinosa et al., 2011, González-Espinosa et al, 2012).

Shifting agricultureNomadic grazingSmall-holder grazing, ranching or farmingUnintentional effects: subsistence/small scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest]

Conservation Actions

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protection

Research needed

We need to know plant hosts, the exact sizes of individuals and populations and the influence of nature conditions on fruiting.

Population size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyPopulation trendsHabitat trends

Use and Trade


Cifuentes, J., M. Villegas y L. Pérez-Ramírez, 1993. Hongos macroscópicos. Capítulo del Libro. in Luna V.I. y Llorente-Bousquets J. Historia Natural del Parque Estatal Omiltemi, Guerrero. Fac. de Ciencias, UNAM, y CONABIO, SEDESOL, México.

Cifuentes, J, Petersen RH, Hughes K, 2003. Campanophyllum: a new genus for an old species name. Mycological Progress 2(4): 285-295.

Leopoldo Galicia and Leticia Gomez-Mendoza (2010). Temperate Forests and Climate Change in Mexico: from Modelling to Adaptation Strategies, Climate Change and Variability, Suzanne Simard (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-144-2, InTech, Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/climate-change-andvariability/temperate-forests-and-climate-change-in-mexico-from-modelling-to-adaptation-strategies.

González-Espinosa M, Meave JA, Lorea-Hernández FG, Ibarra-Manrríquez G, Newton AC. 2011. The red list of mexican cloud forest trees. Published by Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge, UK.

González-Espinosa M, Meave JA, Ramírez-Marcial N, Toledo-Aceves T, Lorea-Hernández FG, Ibarra-Manrríquez G, 2012. Los bosques de niebla de México: conservación y restauración de su componente arbóreo. Ecosistemas 21 (1-2): 36-52. Enero-Agosto

Luna-Vega I, Alcántara Ayala O, Contreras-Medina RL, Ponce-Vargas A, 2006. Biogeography, current knowledge and conservation of threatened vascular plants characteristic of Mexican temperate forests. Biodiversity and Conservation 15:3773–3799 DOI 10.1007/s10531-005-5401-1

Luna-Vega I, Magallón S, 2010. Phylogenetic Composition of Angiosperm Diversity in the Cloud Forests of Mexico BIOTROPICA 42(4): 444–454 2010 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2009.00606.x

Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted