Molecular analyses on Pacispora boliviana Sieverd. & Oehl showed that the species was closer to the genus Paraglomus. Paraglomus bolivianum (Sieverd. & Oehl) Oehl & Silva is the new name for the species with overall subtending hyphae shape, in-cluding OWL1 respective hw1, is cylindrical to slightly funnel-shaped.
Paraglomus bolivianum can be found in Brazilian Tropical rainforest and Tropical Dry Forest. These forests is considered a hotspot, we suggest this species to be categorized as Least Concern (LC).
This species is known in 4 countries. In Brazil, Paraglomus bolivianum is found in northeast and southeast regions, in 4 of the 26 states.
There are about 6 records in 4 countries, most of them in Brazil.
Population Trend: Uncertain
In Brazil the species is common in Atlantic Forest, Amazon, Caatinga and Cerrado.
The species it is found in the Atlantic Forest, a hotspot, in the Amazonia and Cerrado (also a hotspot). Also, Caatinga is threatened with desertification.
Most records in Brazil are in unprotected areas. The isolation of this fungus in controlled condition represents an advance for the conservation of this species.
Other areas should be studied in order to assess the distribution of this species.
de Mello, C. M. A., da Silva, G. A., de Assis, D. M. A., de Pontes, J. S., de Almeida Ferreira, A. C., Leão, M. P. C., ... & Oehl, F. (2013). Paraglomus pernambucanum sp. nov. and Paraglomus bolivianum comb. nov., and biogeographic distribution of Paraglomus and Pacispora. Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality, 86(1).
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