• Proposed
  • Under Assessment
  • LCPreliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Cantharellus subincarnatus Eyssart. & Buyck

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Scientific name
Cantharellus subincarnatus
Eyssart. & Buyck
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Assessment status
Preliminary Assessed
Preliminary Category
Proposed by
James Westrip
James Westrip

Assessment Notes


Based on taxonomy used in Index Fungorum, this species has a particularly wide range through Central Africa and into Madagascar. There are some doubts about the taxonomy, though, with the Malagasy subspecies potentially representing a separate species, which could one its own potentially fall into a threatened category. The nominate subspecies has taxonomic doubts as well, and could represent a synonym of Cantharellus rhodophyllus. Assessing the concept per Index Fungorum, however, would give the species an overall large range, which would not be suspected to approach the thresholds for listing as threatened under any criterion. It is thus assessed as Least Concern.

Taxonomic notes

There is taxonomic uncertainty regarding this binomial. Index Fungorum treats it as an accepted species, whereas a recent taxonomic study (Buyck and Hofstetter 2018) has suggested that subspecies rubrosalmoneus should be split as a separate species, while the nominate subspecies actually is a synonym of Cantharellus rhodophyllus.

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Chanterelle project

Geographic range

Based on Index Fungorum taxonomy, this species occurs in Central Africa, with records from Democratic Republic of Congo and Gabon (e.g. Ndong et al. 2011), with records for the synonym, Cantharellus incarnatus, from Cameroon and Zambia (Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 2021a,b), although the Cameroon localities descriptions refer to Zambian place names, so it is assumed that these are labelled in error. C. subincarnatus ssp. rubrosalmoneus is endemic to Madagascar, known from Toamasina Province (Buyck et al. 2015).

Population and Trends

There is no quantitative information regarding population size and trends, but it is suspected that the population may be in decline due to ongoing threats to its habitat, particularly in Madagascar.

Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology

This species occurs in dense forest (Ndong et al. 2011), although one herbarium record (Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 2021a) appears to have been collected from miombo woodland too.

Subtropical/Tropical Dry ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Montane ForestDry SavannaMoist Savana


In some areas this species will be being impacted by anthropogenic activities such as logging and land conversion for agriculture. However, these could only represent localised threats, apart from in Madagascar.

Shifting agricultureSmall-holder farmingUnintentional effects: subsistence/small scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest]

Conservation Actions

Research needed

Further work to clarify the taxonomic position of this species, and its subspecies is required. Surveys to increase knowledge of its distribution would also be beneficial, if it is retained as an accepted species.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trends

Use and Trade

This species is potentially edible (Ndong et al. 2011).

Food - human


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted