• Proposed
  • Under Assessment
  • DDPreliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Sarcodon fuligineoviolaceus (Kalchbr.) Pat.

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Scientific name
Sarcodon fuligineoviolaceus
Author
(Kalchbr.) Pat.
Common names
Burnt Spiny Cap
lilaköttig taggsvamp
Brennender Stacheling
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Thelephorales
Family
Bankeraceae
Assessment status
Preliminary Assessed
Preliminary Category
DD
Proposed by
Ivona Kautmanova
Assessors
Anders Dahlberg
Editors
Michael Krikorev, Clemence Pillard
Contributors
Martyn Ainsworth, Ivona Kautmanova, Ibai Olariaga Ibarguren, Beatrice Senn-Irlet

Assessment Status Notes

Preliminary global red-list assessment: DD (Data Deficient) as the knowledge of the status of the taxon in north America is not yet available.

It is preliminary red-list assessed for Europe as VU A2c+3c+4c, C2(ai) (Vulnerable).
The lenght period of evaluation is 50 years (= 3 generations according to the recommendations of Dahlberg & Mueller, 2011).

Taxonomic notes

ITS-sequences of S. collections from Sweden has been show to be identical with sequences of S. fuscoindicus from north America.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

This fungus form ectomycorrhiza with Scots pine, mainly in older forests, on dry calcareous soil. Conspicuous and easily identified, much searched after and obviously extremely rare species throughout Europe. It richest occurrences in Europe is in Sweden. The population in Europe population is very small and fragmented and with only a few mycelia at each locality. The European population is estimated to have declined, and continuing to decrease due felling of mature lime coniferous forest. The status in North America uncertain.

Preliminary global red-list assessment: DD (Data Deficient) as the knowledge of the status of the taxon in north America is not yet available.

It is preliminary red-list assessed for Europe as VU A2c+3c+4c, C2(ai) (Vulnerable).
The lenght period of evaluation is 50 years (= 3 generations according to the recommendations of Dahlberg & Mueller, 2011).


Original motivation:
This species described from Slovakia by Kalchbrenner in 1874 has been since then recorded only once in Slovakia in 2005. Extremely rare species, indicator of natural forests of high conservation value.


Geographic range

Known from Sweden, Norway, Slovenia and others…


Population and Trends

Number of currently known sites : About 50 (nearly 50% of wich in Spain and Sweden)

Population Trend:


Habitat and Ecology

Vegetation :  The biotopes colonized by the species vary considerably according to the region. In sub-mediterranean and temperate regions the species mainly occurs in pine forests on calcareous soils (e.g. Estonia). In the mountains, fir forests are other suitable habitats (e.g. Austria, in France in sub-Alpine forests). In the boreal zone, forests with Picea are also an important biotope for the fungus. In Finland it grows in grass-herb forests with pine and/or spruce.

Boreal ForestTemperate Forest

Threats

Mainly threatened by forest management (clear felling und fertilization) and by eutrophication due to nitrogen deposits from air pollution.


Conservation Actions

The species is red listed in Belgium (regional red list), Finland, France, Germany, Iberian Peninsula (Spain + Portugal), Norway, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland.

Site/area protectionHarvest managementAwareness & communications

Research needed


Bibliography

Dahlberg A, Croneborg H (eds), 2003. 33 Threatened Fungi. Complementary and Revised Information on Candidates for Listing in
Appendix 1 of the Bern Convention. EU DG. Council of Europe, Strasbourg. Available from: http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/
cultureheritage/conventions/bern/T-PVS/sc27_tpvs13_en.pdf

Gärdenfors, U (ed), 2010. Red-listed Species in Sweden 2010. ArtDatabanken, SLU, Uppsala.

Nitare, J. 2006: Åtgärdsprogram för bevarande av rödlistade fjälltaggsvampar. (Species action plan for red-listed Sarcodon. In Swedish with an English summary).  Naturvårdsverket, rapport 5609. Stockholm. ISBN: 91-620-5609-3.

Nitare J. & Högberg N. 2012. Svenska arter av fjälltaggsvampar (Sarcodon) – en preliminär
rapport. (The genus Sarcodon in Sweden – a preliminary report. In Swedish, with an English summary). Svensk Mykologisk Tidskrift 33 (3): 2–49.

Dahlberg A & Mueller G. 2011. Applying IUCN red-listing criteria for assessing and reporting on the conservation status of fungal species. Fungal Ecology 4: 1-16

Otto P, 2011. Ecology and chorology of 51 selected fungal species. Draft, Leipzig (unpublished)


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted