• Proposed
  • Under Assessment
  • Preliminary Assessed
  • VUAssessed
  • 5Published

Xeromphalina junipericola G. Moreno & Heykoop

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Scientific name
Xeromphalina junipericola
G. Moreno & Heykoop
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Assessment status
Preliminary Category
VU C2a(i); D1
Proposed by
Mitko Karadelev
Mitko Karadelev
Comments etc.
Anders Dahlberg, Mitko Karadelev

Assessment Notes

R-L categories correct, but text here does not match final assessment. Updated version will be published in IUCN´s Red List June or Nov 2019.


Xeromphalina junipericola is a wood-inhabiting very rare fungus known only from three European countries; Macedonia, Spain and Turkey. The species´sporocarps are only recorded from old trees. In Macedonia it grows exclusively on stump of Juniperus excelsa, in Spain on J.turifera and J.oxycedrus, while in Turkey it grows on J.foetidissima and excelsa. The known populations are very small. (EXPLAIN- GIVEN ESTIMATE. Forest fires constitute a real threat.  MOTIVATE AND STATE THE RED LIST ASSESsMENT.

Taxonomic notes

Moreno & Heykoop (1996) described this species from Guadalajara province in Spain.

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?


Geographic range

Xeromphalina junipericola is a rare endemic fungus to Europe and only known from a small number of localities in three Mediterranean countries; from Spain (Guadalajara), Macedonia and central and southern Turkey.

Population and Trends

Xeromphalina junipericola is a very rare species known only from Macedonia, Spain and Turkey. The known populations are very small. Updated number of known occupied trees in Mediterranean region = 50 (estimation <100 occupied trees in total), =200 functional individuals. A search of 50 sites in Turkey with apparently suitable trees only yielded 6 occupied trees (Dogan pers obs.) suggesting that the number of unknown sites is not very large. In Macedonia, 9 searched sites with only one occupied tree.

Evaluation: Globally - VU

Population Trend: Uncertain

Habitat and Ecology

Xeromphalina junipericola grows on trunks of Juniperus spp.  It is apparently restricted to Juniperus and known from J. oxycedrus and J. thurifera in Spain (Garcia-Manjon & Moreno, ). In Turkey it was collected on trunks of J. foetidissima and J. excelsa and in Macedonia on J.excelsa. It is likely that X. junipericola prefers J. foetidissima and J.excelsa as its main hosts in Eastern Mediterranean (Macedonia and Turkey).

[(Heykoop & Moreno (2007) and Moreno et al. (2002)] and on Juniperus oxicedrus. Later the species was published from central and southern part of Turkey and Macedonia on different juniper trees (Dogan & Karadelev (2009).

In Macedonia it grows exclusively as a saprobe on stump of Juniperus excelsa, in Spain on Juniperus turifera and Juniperus oxycedrus, while in Turkey on Juniperus foetidissima and Juniperus excelsa.

Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation


The species is associated with old growth juniper trees and reduced amount of habitat is the main cause of the inferred decline and threat. The small population size make the species very susceptible for local extinction due to random events such as fires, tourism, destruction of habitats and other human activities. In Macedonia there is mass exploitation of juniper trees by the inhabitants. They burn branches for production of burnt lime.

Housing & urban areasIntentional use: subsistence/small scale (species being assessed is the target) [harvest]Increase in fire frequency/intensity

Conservation Actions

Protection of known localities together with appropriate management plans are the main actions needed. National Forest Services and other regional organizations should be informed about the need of conserving old juniper trees.

Research needed

Mapping and monitoring of the species.

Use and Trade


Heykoop M,  Moreno G. 2007. Provisional catalogue of the agaricological mycobiota of the province of Guadalajara (Spain). Bol. Soc. Micol. Madrid 31: 35–76.
Moreno G, Heykoop M. 1996. Xeromphalina junipericola sp. nov. (Tricholoma¬taceae, Agaricales) from Spain. Z. Mykol. 62(1): 37–41.
Moreno G, Prieto F, Heykoop M. 2002. Adiciones al catбlogo micologico de la zona centro peninsular. I. Bol. Soc. Micol. Madrid 26: 131–145.
Dogan H.H, Karadelev M. 2009. Xeromphalina junipericola, a rare species new to southeastern Europe. Mycotaxon 110(1): 247-255.
Karadelev M. & Rusevska K. (2016). Distribution Maps of Critical Endangered Species from Macedonian Red List of Fungi. Hyla Vol. 2016., No.1,14-18.

Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted