• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Fulvifomes kawakamii (M.J. Larsen, Lombard & Hodges) T. Wagner & M. Fisch.

Search for another Species...

Scientific name
Fulvifomes kawakamii
(M.J. Larsen, Lombard & Hodges) T. Wagner & M. Fisch.
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Assessment status
Proposed by
Virton Rodrigo Targino de Oliveira
Comments etc.
Tatiana Gibertoni, Virton Rodrigo Targino de Oliveira

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Fulvifomes kawakamii is similar to F. imbricatus, but differs because it has much larger basidiocarps, larger pores (5–7 per mm), frequently branched generative hyphae and frequently septate skeletal hyphae in context, and slightly smaller basidiospores (4.5×3.5 μm). Fulvifomes grenadensis and F. nilgheriensis bear similarities to F. kawakamii too. However, fruiting bodies of F. grenadensis are solitary and develop a much darker crust on the surface of the pileus, are considerably smaller (12.5 x 9 x 5 cm), pores 4-7 per mm, with context hyphae up to 5 μm in diam, and with golden brown, somewhat thick-walled basidiospores that are mostly subglobose and 4-6 x 3-5 μm. Fruiting bodies of F. nilgheriensis are also solitary and much smaller (15 x 11 x 5 cm) than those of F. kawakamii, pores are 7-9 per mm, and basidiospores are subglobose, ferruginous brown, thick-walled, and 4-5.5 x 4-4.5 μm (Larsen et al. 1985, Zhou 2015, Jayawardena et al. 2019).

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Geographic range

Although in GBIF there is only one record of the species, for the USA, the species is also recorded in Brazil. Furthermore, based on molecular analyses, some specimens identified as F. nilgheriensis of F. fastuosus may actually be F. kawakamii.

Population and Trends

There are few reports for this species, with only one reported from USA. However, there are nine records from Brazil.

Population Trend: Uncertain

Habitat and Ecology

In Brazil it is reported for the Atlantic Forest and Amazonia.

Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest


The species in Brazil is present in pluvial forest domain. However, the Amazon has currently the highest rates of deforestation in the last decades and the Atlantic Forest is already a hotspot.

Housing & urban areasShifting agricultureAgro-industry farmingSmall-holder plantationsAgro-industry plantationsRoads & railroadsUnintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)Unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest]Unintentional effects: large scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest]Increase in fire frequency/intensityHabitat shifting & alteration

Conservation Actions

Some records in Brazil are in unprotected areas.

Resource & habitat protectionSite/area managementHabitat & natural process restoration

Research needed

Other areas should be studied in order to assess the distribution of this species.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsArea-based Management Plan

Use and Trade




Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted