• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Umbelopsis isabellina (Oudem.) W. Gams

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Scientific name
Umbelopsis isabellina
Author
(Oudem.) W. Gams
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Chytrid, Zygomycete, Downy Mildew and Slime Mould
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Zygomycota
Class
Incertae sedis
Order
Mucorales
Family
Umbelopsidaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Leslie Freitas
Comments etc.
Leslie Freitas

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Umbelopsis isabellina (Oudem.) W. Gams, in Meyer & Gams, Mycol. Res. 107(3): 349 (2003).

Colony initially white, with a velvety aspect, becoming light gray to dark gray after 12 days at 28 °C in a BDA; reverse cream. Sporangiophores simple or monopodially branched, rarely sympodially branched, with seven to nine arising from the same point, 100–230 μm in length, 2.3–5 μm in width, the base commonly wider than the apex. Sporangia hyaline, some light gray, globose, wall deliquescent with a vitreous appearance. Columellae absent, when present, hemispherical and smooth-walled, 1.9–3.5 μm in diam. Sporangiospores mainly globose 2,3–4 μm in diam., ellipsoidal, 3.5 × 2 μm, angular, up to 3.6 μm in diam. Chlamydospores and zygospores absent.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?


Geographic range

The species in known in 17 countries. In Brazil, it is known in 1 of the 26 states.


Population and Trends

There are about 274 records of this species in GBIF.

Population Trend:


Habitat and Ecology

Commonly soil, some endophytic.


Threats

In Brazil, this species is moslty recorded in the Caatinga.


Conservation Actions

Most records are in Caatinga.


Research needed

The species, has a worldwide distribution. However, studies about its population distribution are needed.


Use and Trade

Umbelopsis isabellina is characterized by the ability to accumulate lipids, producing precursors of biodiesel from agricultural residues (MEEUWSE et al., 2012). Grantina-Ievina et al. (2014) highlighted the production of arachidonic acid by specimens of U. isabelina and U. ramanniana. In addition,  Umbelopsis isabellina has the potential for the degradation of pollutants nonylphenol (NP), 4-tert-octylphenol (4-t-OP) and 4-cumylphenol (4-CP) and in the production of biodiesel ( PAPANIKOLAOU et al., 2019).


Bibliography

MEEUWSE, P.; AKBARI, P.; TRAMPER, J.; RINZEMA, A. Modeling growth, lipid accumulation and lipid turnover in submerged batch cultures of Umbelopsis isabellina. Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, v. 35, n. 4, p. 591-603, 2012.
GRANTINA-IEVINA, L.; BERZINA, A.; NIKOLAJEVA, V.; MEKSS, P.; MUIZNIEKS, I. Production of fatty acids by Mortierella and Umbelopsis species isolated from temperate climate soils. Environ Exp Biol, v. 12, p. 15-27, 2014.
PAPANIKOLAOU, S.; AGGELIS, G. Sources of microbial oils with emphasis to Mortierella (Umbelopsis) isabellina fungus. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, v. 35, n. 4, p. 63, 2019.


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted