• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Scutellospora castanea C. Walker

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Scientific name
Scutellospora castanea
Author
C. Walker
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Unknown
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Glomeromycota
Class
Glomeromycetes
Order
Diversisporales
Family
Gigasporaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Lilian Araujo Rodrigues
Comments etc.
Lilian Araujo Rodrigues

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Racocetra castanea previously assigned as Scutellospora castanea is recognized by spores with the germination shield hyaline to subhyaline seldom light yellow, generally oval to ellipsoid or subglobose, with several (4–12) wave-like lobed projections forming the outer surface of the shield (Oehl et al., 2008).


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

In Brazil here is few information about this taxon yet, then we suggest this species to be categorized as Near Threatened (NT).


Geographic range

The species is known in 4 countries. The valid species and its synonym have different occurrence data, Racocetra castanea with 2 occurrences and Scutellospora castanea with 13 occurrences (GBIF).


Population and Trends

There are about 15 records in 3 countries (GBIF).

Population Trend: Uncertain


Habitat and Ecology

In Brazil, the species is found in Amazon, Atlantic Forest, Caatinga and Cerrado.

Subtropical/Tropical Dry ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest

Threats

This species is found in the Atlantic Forest, a hotspot, in the Amazonia and Cerrado (also a hotspot). Also, Caatinga is threatened with desertification.

Housing & urban areasTourism & recreation areasShifting agriculture

Conservation Actions

Most records are in area with native vegetation of Brazil. The isolation of this fungus in controlled condition represents an advance for the conservation of this species.

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionAwareness & communications

Research needed

Other areas should be studied in order to assess the distribution of this species.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecology

Use and Trade

None.

Unknown

Bibliography

Oehl F, de Souza FA, Sieverding E. 2008. Revision of Scutellospora and description of five new genera and three new families in the arbuscular mycorrhiza-forming Glomeromycetes. Mycotaxon 106:311–360.
Jobim, K., Vista, X. M., & Goto, B. T. 2018. Updates on the knowledge of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (Glomeromycotina) in the Atlantic Forest biome–an example of very high species richness in the Brazilian landscape. Mycotaxon, 133(1), 209-209.
Cofré, M. N., Soteras, F., del Rosario Iglesias, M., Velázquez, S., Abarca, C., Risio, L., ... & Lugo, M. A. 2019. Biodiversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America: A Review. In Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America (pp. 49-72). Springer, Cham.


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted