- Scientific name
- Amanita mumura
- G.S. Ridl.
- Common names
- IUCN Specialist Group
- Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
- Assessment status
- Assessment date
- IUCN Red List Category
- Cooper, J.A.
- Dahlberg, A.
is ectomycorrhizal with Southern Beech (Nothofagaceaea) and with Tea-Tree (Myrtaceae), is one of the relatively few Amanita
species in New Zealand and is distinctive within the genus. It is known from seven records from four sites in north island. All sites are in protected areas.
This mushroom is rarely recorded and must be considered uncommon. There is a strong possibility of multiple undetected sites. The total number of sites is unlikely to exceed 1000 but could also be less than 10. Hence, the estimation of the total population may range from 300 to 30,000 mature individuals. .We don´t not know yet the impact of potential threats of known and potential sites.
It is therefore assessed as Data Deficient.
The ectomycorrhizal genus Amanita
is well studied in New Zealand, with relatively few, and well recorded species. Amanita mumura
is a distinctive uncommon endemic species associated with Nothofagaceae and Myrtaceae.
is known across the North Island of New Zealand.
Population and Trends
Amanita mumara is one of the relatively few Amanita species in New Zealand and is distinctive within the genus. The genus has been well documented and is one of the best studied groups of Agarics in New Zealand. It is known from seven records from four sites in North Island; Waitakere, Urewera, Tongariro, Tararua (1967- 2005). All sites are in protected areas.
Over the last five years, 2,500 observers have recorded 54,000 observations of fungi in New Zealand using the iNaturalist platform. 20,000 observations have been verified by multiple experts. This mushroom has not been seen. Despite this increased level of recording, there is a strong possibility of multiple undetected sites. The total number of sites at which it could potentially occur is unlikely to exceed 1000.
The number of mycelial genotypes per site is estimated to be three. Using the the multiplier of ten for mature individual number (Dahlberg & Mueller 2011), size of the total population is estimated to be less than 30,000 mature individuals.
Population Trend: unknown
Habitat and Ecology
The species is ectomycorrhizal with Southern Beech (Nothofagaceaea) and with Tea-Tree (Myrtaceae).
Populations in three of the sites (Waitakare, Tongariro, Tararua) are adjacent to popular walking tracks subject to increasing tourism with consequent impact on the immediate areas. The population at the Waitakare site is likely to decrease over the next 20 years as the impact of Kauri die-back on the dominant Kauri forest alters the forest structure. Areas are also likely to be disturbed as a consequence of disease management actions.
Greater survey effort in known sites is required to assess the extent of local populations.
Use and Trade
The species is not utilized.
Source and Citation
Cooper, J.A. 2019. Amanita mumura. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T154224278A154224851. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T154224278A154224851.en
.Accessed on 31 January 2022