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  • Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Rhizoplaca marginalis (Hasse) W.A. Weber

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Scientific name
Rhizoplaca marginalis
Author
(Hasse) W.A. Weber
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Lichens
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Ascomycota
Class
Lecanoromycetes
Order
Lecanorales
Family
Lecanoraceae
Assessment status
Under Assessment
Proposed by
Jessica Allen
Assessors
Jason Hollinger, Nastassja Noell
Editors
Nastassja Noell
Contributors
Nastassja Noell
Comments etc.
Jessica Allen

Assessment Notes

Justification

This species has a relatively small Area of Occupancy (92 km²) and throughout much of its range its potential habitat has been fragmented and has declined in extent owing to fire and development, and has declined in quality owing to air pollution from the Central Valley.


Taxonomic notes


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

This species is endemic to southern California and known from only a couple dozen localities.


Geographic range

Rhizoplaca marginalis is endemic to southern California with a single outlying subpopulation in southern Nevada. Its Extent of Occurance (EOO) is 108,000 km², and its Area of Occupancy (AOO) is 92 km².


Population and Trends

Rhizoplaca marginalis is a conspicuous lichen easily recognized at a glance in the field, so the small number of known localities it has been found in is strong evidence of its rarity.  However, it tends to be locally abundant, so overall population size is probably relatively large despite the small number of known localities.

Population Trend: Stable


Habitat and Ecology

Rhizoplaca marginalis occurs on shaded vertical to overhanging siliceous rocks at relatively low elevation. It has been found in canyons and on large outcrops in open woodlands. It is most common in the foothills and lower canyons of the southern Sierra Nevada.

Temperate ForestDry SavannaTemperate ShrublandRocky Areas [e.g. inland cliffs, mountain peaks]Temperate

Threats

The strongest threat to Rhizoplaca marginalis is posed by increasing frequency and intensity of forest fire in southern California, especial subpopulations in woodlands and chaparral.

Land development including road building, housing developments, dams and mining are also concerns because subpopulations tend to be restricted to fairly small areas, so even small-scale disturbance can easily affect an entire subpopulation.

Lichens in general are well known to be sensitive to air pollution. Subpopulations in the Sierra Nevada foothills are particularly subject to pollution from widespread agriculture activities in the Central Valley. However the sensitivity of Rhizoplaca marginalis to various types of pollution is not currently known.

Housing & urban areasMining & quarryingRoads & railroadsIncrease in fire frequency/intensitySmall dams

Conservation Actions

Two subpopulations of Rhizoplaca marginalis occur in national parks; one in Sequoia National Park, another in Sequoia National Park. Most populations are at low elevations and therefore occur outside parks.

Known populations should be monitored and protected from development wherever possible.

Site/area management

Research needed

Undiscovered subpopulations of Rhizoplaca marginalis are likely to exist. The foothills and east side of the Sierra Nevada are relatively poorly studied by lichenologists. Surveys of likely habitat will probably turn up additional localities.

The effects of agricultural pollution on subpopulations of Rhizoplaca marginalis in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada should be investigated.

Population size, distribution & trendsPopulation trends

Use and Trade

Rhizoplaca marginalis has no known commercial or cultural uses.


Bibliography

Ryan, B.D. 2002. Rhizoplaca. In: T.H. Nash, III, B.D. Ryan, C. Gries & F. Bungartz (eds.). Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region. Volume I. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona. pp. 442–448.


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted