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Xerocomus griseo-olivaceus McNabb

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Scientific name
Xerocomus griseo-olivaceus
Author
McNabb
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Boletales
Family
Boletaceae
Assessment status
Published
Assessment date
2019-07-26
IUCN Red List Category
EN
IUCN Red List Criteria
C2a(ii)
Assessors
Cooper, J.A.
Reviewers
Mueller, G.M.

Assessment Notes

The content on this page is fetched from The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/155202927/155202938

Justification

The estimated number of mature individuals is estimated as up to 1500 restricted to one subpopulation. The species is undergoing continuing decline in population size due to habitat quality decline. It is therefore assessed as Endangered C2a(ii).

Geographic range

This species is a New Zealand endemic, known only from Waitakere Ranges, near Auckland.

Population and Trends

It is known with certainty only from three records all from the same general area. All known locations are in areas of bush directly adjacent to pasture farmland.

Considering that a number of related boletes are restricted to northern North Island, it is reasonable to suppose that this one is similarly restricted. Taking into account the distribution of this habitat, 100 sites is thought to be a likely maximum to account for sites at which it is so far unrecorded. We infer the presence of 3 genotypes per site each representing 5 mature individuals, to convert to an estimate of 1500 mature individuals, all within one subpopulation.

Given the historic extent of the host (tea tree) we infer a decrease of at least 20% of suitable habitat (area and quality) during the last 50 years, which is causing a continuing decline in population size.

Population Trend: decreasing


Habitat and Ecology

Xerocomellus griseoolivaceus is ectomycorrhizal with tea-tree (myrtaceae). It appears to be restricted to areas with mature stands of tea-tree, and has a northern distribution.

Threats

The known area for this species is subject to increasing tourism from nearby Auckland city with a consequent increase in disturbance in the immediate areas. The populations are also likely to decrease over the next 20 years as the impact of Kauri die-back on Kauri forest alters the surrounding forest structure. Areas may also be disturbed because of future disease management actions. The impact of changing farming practices with increase in nutrient run-off from adjacent areas may have some impact on the quality of mycorrhizae.

Conservation Actions

A number of ectomycorrhizal species associated with tea-tree (myrtaceae) in New Zealand are potentially impacted by changing agricultural practices, in particular the clearing of remnant bush fragments to accommodate large-scale irrigation machinery, and the direct impact of fertilizers and irrigation on soil chemistry and mycorrhizae extent and function.

The ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with tea-tree in northern parts of New Zealand require greater survey and characterisation.

Use and Trade

This species is not utilised.

Source and Citation

Cooper, J.A. 2019. Xerocomus griseo-olivaceus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T155202927A155202938. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T155202927A155202938.en .Downloaded on 31 January 2021

Country occurrence