• Proposed
  • Under Assessment
  • Preliminary Assessed
  • NTAssessed
  • 5Published

Sarcodon versipellis (Fr.) Nikol.

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Scientific name
Sarcodon versipellis
Author
(Fr.) Nikol.
Common names
jelenkovec oranžový
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Thelephorales
Family
Bankeraceae
Assessment status
Assessed
Preliminary Category
NT A2c+3c+4c
Proposed by
Maroš Peiger
Assessors
Ivona Kautmanova
Editors
Tor Erik Brandrud
Comments etc.
Anders Dahlberg, Maroš Peiger

Assessment Notes

Justification

Sarcodon versipellis is a species of old undisturbed coniferous and mixed forests mostly on calacareous soils. The forests are declining mainly due to changing logging practices, development projects and pollution (airborne nitrogen deposition) and soil drying. The species is redlisted in most countries of its occurrence. Hydnellum versipelle is known from approx. 300 sites/localities in Scandinavia. The species is widespread but known from rather few localities in C Europe (e.g. 18 localities in Austria), and a few from North America. Based on present evidence on distribution, the total global population is estimated to approx. 35 000 - 40 000 individuals.

The decline of the major habitat of the species, Scandinavian calcareous Picea forests, in the evaluation period (last 50 years) is estimated to be in the magnitude of 15-20%. Based on this, the species becomes red-listed as NT according to the A-criterion (A2c + 3c + 4c) (species/habitat decline >15%).


Taxonomic notes

valid name:
Hydnellum versipelle (Fr.) E.Larss., K.H.Larss. & Koljalg


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Sarcodon versipellis is easy to identify and rare species of the Bankeraceae family. It occurs in coniferous forests and outgrown pastures following the natural occurrence of spruce, with which it is forming mycorrhiza. Preffered are waterlogged habitats or sites near the streams, with well developed mossy layer on fertile calcareous soils. Basidiomata are often adherent solitary ones are rare. They occur mostly during the summer with above average precipitation. The species is threatened by inappropriate forest management, clear cutting of suitable habitats – spruce forests on outgrown pastures. Further threats include air pollution and global climate change, with sudden temperature and rain fluctuations, lack of precipitation and its uneven distribution over the year, as well as drying of habitats.
Sarcodon versipellis is an umbrella species, found in habitats with diverse and rich mycoflora (“hot spots”) in succession spruce forests on outgrown grasslands declining throughout whole Europe, because of human activities and climate change.


Geographic range

The species distribution center is located in Scandinavia, especially in Sweden and Norway. Findings are also known from other European countries such as Slovakia, Austria, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Romania, France and Belgium. Outside Europe, it was recorded in the US and Canada.


Population and Trends

Hydnellum versipelle is known from approx. 170 sites/localities in Norway, and approx. 140 in Sweden, according to data from national redlists and species database maps. The estimated population size in Scandinavia is approx. 1 500 localities, which is equivalent to approx. 30 000 individuals. For two countries there are ony old records (Finland 1949, Check Republic 1944) and the species could be extinct. The species is widespread but known from rather few localities in C Europe (e.g. 18 localities in Austria), and a few from North America. Based on present evidence on distribution, the total global population is estimated to approx. 35 000 - 40 000 individuals.

The decline of the major habitat of the species, Scandinavian calcareous Picea forests, in the evaluation period (last 50 years) is estimated to be in the magnitude of 15-20%. Based on this, the species becomes red-listed as NT according to the A-criterion (A2c + 3c + 4c) (species/habitat decline >15%).

Population Trend: Decreasing


Habitat and Ecology

It is normally associated with mossy calcareous spruce forest, dry to moist along streams and usually in oldgrowth forests. Basidiomata are often adherent solitary ones are rare. They occur mostly during the summer with above average precipitation. Sarcodon versipellis is an umbrella species, found in habitats with diverse and rich funga (“hot spots”) in oldgrowth spruce forests.

Boreal Forest

Threats

Hydnellum versipelle and its habitats (calcareous Picea forests) have been declining e.g. due to areal loss (urbanization, including tourist resorts, road constructions, expansion of limestone quarries) as well as decreased habitat quality/ecological conditions due to modern forestry with clear-cuttings. In Norway, which has the largest populations of H. versipelle calcareous Picea forests are redlisted as VU.

Check Swedish statistics!

Unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest]Unintentional effects: large scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest]

Conservation Actions

For the protection of Sarcodon versipellis the strictest protected areas should be declared in the whole area of its occurrence.

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionHabitat & natural process restoration

Research needed

Research focused on preservation of the long time continuity of undisturbed habitat and population dynamics.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsArea-based Management PlanPopulation trendsHabitat trends

Use and Trade

Not used.


Bibliography

DVOŘÁK, D., HROUDA, P. 2005. Ježaté houby / lošáky a korálovce. Brno: Masarykova univerzita v Brně, 2005. p. 1-36.

NITARE, J., HÖGBERG, N. 2012. Svensk Mykologisk Tidskrift 33 (3). Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, p. 2-49.

PEIGER, M., TOMKA, P., PAULÍNY, M. 2015. Huby Liptova. Liptovské múzeum v Ružomberku, p. 1- 168.

PEIGER, M. 2015. Vybraní zástupcovia jelenkovitých húb (Bankeraceae), ich ekológia a indikačná hodnota v lesných ekosystémoch. Liptovský Mikuláš, p. 1-67.

Artfaktafrån ArtDatabanken: https://artfakta.se/artbestamning/taxon/sarcodon-versipellis-1440


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted