• Proposed
  • Under Assessment
  • LCPreliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Pycnoporellus alboluteus (Ellis & Everh.) Kotl. & Pouzar

Go to another Suggested Species...

Scientific name
Pycnoporellus alboluteus
Author
(Ellis & Everh.) Kotl. & Pouzar
Common names
Пикнопореллус бело-желтый
Orange sponge polypore
oranžovec bledý
pomarańczowiec bladożółty (oranżowiec bladożółty)
storporig brandticka
baltdzeltenā egļpiepe
Liibuv roostetorik
oranžovec americký
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Polyporales
Family
Fomitopsidaceae
Assessment status
Preliminary Assessed
Preliminary Category
LC
Proposed by
Tatyana Svetasheva
Assessors
Tatyana Svetasheva
Editors
Kim Potapov, Ivan Zmitrovich
Contributors
Bruno Boulet, Anders Dahlberg, Inita Daniele, Boris Ivančević, Michael Krikorev, Vladimír Kunca, Kamil Kędra, Kim Potapov, Tatyana Svetasheva
Comments etc.
Daniel Dvořák, Irja Saar, Iraida Stavishenko, Else Vellinga, Debbie Viess

Assessment Notes

Justification

This is a bright eye-catching wood-inhabiting saprotrophic fungus with Holarctic distribution, inhabiting mainly boreal and mountain forest communities. It is declining on a European scale due to decreasing areal of virgin or old growth spruce and fir forests and a poor ability to spread and establish in forest after clearcutting. The total number of localities decreased by at least 20 %for 50 years. It is redlisted in five European countries and 5 regions of Russia. The length of evaluation period according recommendations of Dahlberg and Mueller (2011) - 50 years = three generations. The population in the North America is quite big and stable. Assessment is based on observed population reduction in Europe as Vulnerable under criteria A2c+3c+4c on the European level, but LC globally.


Taxonomic notes

Pycnoporellus alboluteus (Ellis & Everh.) Kotl. & Pouzar, Česká Mykol. 17(4): 174 (1963)
Synonymy:
Aurantiporellus alboluteus (Ellis & Everh.) Murrill,
Aurantiporus alboluteus (Ellis & Everh.) Murrill,
Fomes alboluteus Ellis & Everh.,
Hapalopilus alboluteus (Ellis & Everh.),
Phaeolus alboluteus (Ellis & Everh.) Pilát,
Polyporus alboluteus (Ellis & Everh.) Ellis & Everh.,
Scindalma alboluteum (Ellis & Everh.) Kuntze,


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?


Geographic range

This is a Holarctic circumboreal species known in boreal and mountain parts of Europe, Caucasus, Asia, North America.
In Russia it’s known in 13 regions. European part: Lenigradskaya, Arkhangelskaya, Moskovskaya, Tverskaya oblasts; Krasnodar Kray, Republics Karelia and Karachaevo-Cherkesia;  Ural: Perm Kray, Sverdlovskaya oblasts, Republic Komi;  Siberia: Tomskaya and Tumenskaya Oblasts; Far East: Kamchatka


Population and Trends

The species exclusively occurs in boreal and mountain old-growth forests of spruce (Picea abies, P. obovata, P. glauca, P. engelmannii, P. pungens) and fir (Abies alba, A.  concolor, A. nordmanniana, A. lasiocarpa) with the majority of the European localities known from Norway, Finland, Sweden, Poland, Russia. The species seems to have poor ability to spread and establish in forest after clearcutting. The fungus is gravitating to moist conditions of old forests with abundance of huge overmossed fallen logs on various stages of decaying, therefore, it’s absent in wide range of exploiting forest enterprises.
In total about 900 records are known from America and Europe (~ 750 - USA+Canada; 120 - Europe, 2- George),  however the most of them were made more then 50 years ago,  besides the number of known localities in Europe decreased by at least 20 percents for 50 years. Today (1969-2019) it’s registered ~ 22 in Europe (incl. Caucasus). In several European countries P.alboluteus is considered as very rare and declining species and included in Redlists of Norway (Cr), Finland (En), Sweden (Cr), Estonia (Cr).
There are about 50 records related to ~ 30 localities (for the all time) in Russia, mostly known from recent time due to active investigations during the last two decades. Current trends in Russia could be considered as decreasing due to intensive timber harvesting (especially in Asian part) and partly habitat degradation.
Evaluation period 50 years = 3 generations (according to the recommendation of Dahlberg & Mueller, 2011). In North America the population is bigger and quite stable. Preliminary this species could be assessed as Vu A2c +3c +4c at European level but LC at Global level.

Population Trend: Uncertain


Habitat and Ecology

This is xylosaprotroph which causes brown rot of presumably coniferous wood. As substrates were mentioned Picea abies, P. obovata, P. glauca, P. engelmannii, P. pungens, Abies alba, A. concolor, A. nordmanniana, A. lasiocarpa, Larix sp., Pinus sp., Pseudotsuga sp., Tsuga sp., rarely deciduous trees, viz. Populus tremuloides, P. trichocarpa, Alnus sp.
The fruitbodies appears on large decorticated trunks in their central parts, as a rule on log underside. On the logs closely attached to the ground, the fruitbodies form on the lateral or even the upper sides, then consisting of ruff-like nodules. Most often they emerge from fissures or clefts in the trunk, or from under the bark at the edge of decorticated wood.
The habitats of this fungus are relief depressions which are well-drained throughout the growing season, housing temporary rivers during the spring, and a thick, long-lasting snow cover in the winter.
The vegetation on these slopes is most lurixant and consisted of productive spruce or fir, intermixed with aspen and some other deciduous trees and having regular gaps enriched by fallen logs of various decay stages.
The American authors repeatedly report that the species grows near the receding snowline, or during the winter and spring on snow-covered trees. In Europe the growth period was registered beginning in early autumn.

Boreal Forest

Threats

Forests clearcutting, habitat degradation because of removing of old trees and fallen logs, intensive recreational activities

Tourism & recreation areasUnintentional effects: subsistence/small scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest]Unintentional effects: large scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest]Recreational activitiesOther ecosystem modifications

Conservation Actions

Setting aside spruce and fir forest reserves where the species have good populations. At these forests, natural or prescribed burning should be considered to maintain desired forest dynamics. The removing of fallen logs in served areas should be prohibited.

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionCaptive breeding/artificial propagation

Research needed

Population size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyPopulation trendsHabitat trends

Use and Trade

Unknown

Bibliography

Dahlberg A & Croneborg H. 2003. 33 threatened fungi in Europe. Complementary and revised information on candidates for listing in Appendix I of the Bern Convention T-PVS (2001) 34 rev 2.
Hintikka V. 1970. First record of Pycnoporellus alboluteus in NW Europe. Karstenia 11: 33-34.
Niemelä T. 1980. On Fennoscandian polypores 7. The genus Pycnoporellus. Karstenia 20: 1-15.
Tortić M., Jelić M. 1974. New European records of Tyromyces kmetii and Pycnoporellus alboluteus (Polyporaceae) and the identity of Irpex
woronowii Bres. Česká Mykologie 28: 26-34.

Khermansson Ya.  Representatives of Polyporaceae s.l. and some other genera of Aphyllophorales in Pechoro-Ilychsky Reserve// Flora and vegetation of Pechoro-Ilychsky Reserve. Ekaterinburg: 1997. C. 326-365.(In Russian)
Kosolapov D.A. Aphyllophoroid fungi of middle-taiga of European north-west Russia. Ekaterinburg, 2008. C. 56. (In Russian)
Mukhin V.A., Kotiranta Kh., Uchakova N.V. Polypores of Beringia sector of Holarctica // Fundamental and applied problems of botany at the beginning of XXI century: Proceedings of the All-Russian Conference (Petrozavodsk, September 22-27, 2008). Part 2: Algologia. Mycology. Lichenology. Bryology. Petrozavodsk: Karelian Research Centre, 2008.P. 135-137.(In Russian)
Parmasto E.Kh. To mycological flora of Komi ASSR// Proceeding on botany: scientific notes of Tartu University, 1963. V.136. C. 103-129 (In Russian)
Red Data Book of Karachaevo-Cherkesia Republik. Cherkessk, Nartisdat,2013. 316 p (In Russian)
Ruokolainen A., Manninen O. 2014. Aphyllophoroid fungi of Zaonezhye Peninsula. Biogeography, landscapes, ecosystems and species of Zaonezhye Peninsula, in Lake Onega, Russian Karelia. Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute. Vol. 40. Helsinki. P. 221-244.
Stavishenko I.V. Rare species of xylotrophic fungi of Vishersky Reserve // Modern Mycology in Russia: Abstracts of 1 congress of mycologists of Russia. Moscow, 2002. C.98-99. (In Russian)
Stavishenko I.V. [Ставишенко И.В.] 2006. Xylotrophyc fungi in the Visim Nature Reserve. Ecological researches in the Visim biosphere Nat. Res.: Proc. conf. of Visim Nat. Res. 35 years / Yu.F. Marin (ed.). Ekaterinburg: Middle Ural publ. P. 294-303. (In Russian)
Niemelä T., Kinnunen J., Lindgren M., Manninen O., Miettinen O., Penttilä R., Turunen O. (2001) Novelties and records of poroid Basidiomycetes in Finland and adjacent Russia // Karstenia 41(1):1–21
Novoselov A. P. (ed) (2008) Red Data Book of the Arkhangelsk Region [Красная книга Архангельской области]. Arkhangelsk: Committee for Ecology of the Arkhangelsk Oblast. 351 p. (in Russian)
Ezhov O. N. (2013) Aphyllophoroid fungi of the Arkhangelsk Oblast [Ежов О. Н. Афиллофоровые грибы Архангельской области]. Yekaterinburg: RIO UrO RAN. 276 p. (in Russian)
Ezhov O. N. (2014a) Complexes of spruce-associated aphyllophoroid fungi in the North of the Russian Plain (Arkhangelsk Region and adjacent areas) [Ежов О. Н. Комплексы афиллофороидных грибов, ассоциированные с елью европейской на севере Русской равнины (Архангельская область и сопредельные регионы)] // Transactions of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (2):77–85 (in Russian)
Ezhov O. N., Ershov R. V., Ruokolainen A. V., Zmitrovich I. V. (2011) Aphyllophoroid fungi of the Pinezhsky Nature Reserve [Ежов О. Н., Ершов Р. В., Руоколайнен А. В., Змитрович И. В. Афиллофоровые грибы заповедника «Пинежский»]. Yekaterinburg: UrO RAN. 148 p. (in Russian)
Ezhov O. N., Zmitrovich I. V. (2015) Checklist of aphyllophoroid fungi (Agaricomycetes, Basidiomycota) in boreal forests of Pinega Reserve, north-east European Russia // Check List 11(1):1–11
Kotkova V. M. (2014b) Aphyllophoraceous fungi (Basidiomycota) in forest ecosystems of Setra River Basin (Arkhangelsk Region) [Коткова В. М. Афиллофоровые грибы (Basidiomycota) в лесных экосистемах бассейна реки Сётра (Архангельская область)] // Novosti sistematiki nizhshikh rasteniy 48:130–145 (in Russian)
Ruokolainen A., Manninen O. (2014) Aphyllophoroid fungi of Zaonezhye Peninsula // Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute 40:233–256
Parmasto E. (1963) Data on the fungus flora of the Komi A.S.S.R. [Пармасто Э. К микологической флоре Коми АССР] // Tartu Riikliku Ülikooli toimetised. Vihik 136. Botaanika-alased tööd. 6. Tartu. P. 103–129 (in Russian)
Parmasto E., Parmasto I. (1979) The xanthochroic reaction in the Aphyllophorales // Mycotaxon 8(1):201–232
Hermansson J. (1997) Members of the family Polyporaceae s. lat. and some other genera of the order Aphyllophorales in the Pechora-Ilychsky Reserve [Хермансон Я. Представители семейства Polyporaceae s. lat. и некоторых других родов порядка Aphyllophorales в Печоро-Илычском заповеднике] // Degteva S. V. (ed) Flora and plant cover of the Pechoro-Ilych Biosphere Preserve. Yekaterinburg: Ural Branch of RAS. P. 326–368 (in Russian)
Bondartseva M. A. (1998) Definitorium fungorum Rossiae. Ordo Aphyllophorales. Fasc. 2. Familiae Albatrellaceae, Aporpiaceae, Boletopsidaceae, Bondarzewiaceae, Corticiaceae (genera tubuliferae), Fistulinaceae, Ganodermataceae, Lachnocladiaceae (genus tubuliferus), Phaeolaceae, Polyporaceae (genera tubuliferae), Poriaceae, Rigidoporaceae. Saint Petersburg: Nauka. 391 p. (in Russian)
Ushakova N. V. (2000) Fungi-indicators of the native dark coniferous forests of the Urals [Ушакова Н. В. Грибы-индикаторы коренных темнохвойных лесов Урала] // Ekologiya protsessov biologicheskogo razlozheniya drevesiny. Yekaterinburg. P. 6–15 (in Russian)
Kosolapov D. A. (2008b) Aphyllophoroid fungi of middle taiga forests of European North East of Russia [Косолапов Д. А. Афиллофороидные грибы среднетаежных лесов европейского Северо-Востока России]. Yekaterinburg: UrO RAN. 230 p. (in Russian)
Taskaev A. I. (ed) (2009) Red Data Book of the Komi Republic [Красная книга Республики Коми]. Syktyvkar: Institute of Biology of the Komi Science Centre of the Ural Division RAS. 791 p. (in Russian)
Ezhov O. N. (2014a) Complexes of spruce-associated aphyllophoroid fungi in the North of the Russian Plain (Arkhangelsk Region and adjacent areas) [Ежов О. Н. Комплексы афиллофороидных грибов, ассоциированные с елью европейской на севере Русской равнины (Архангельская область и сопредельные регионы)] // Transactions of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (2):77–85 (in Russian)
Zmitrovich I. V. (2003) Tremelloid, aphyllophoroid and pleurotoid Basidiomycetes of Veps Plateau (Northwest Russia) // Karstenia 43(1):13–36
Popov E. S., Morozova O. V., Kotkova V. M., Novozhilov Y. K., Zhurbenko M. P., Zmitrovich I. V., Kovalenko A. E. (2007) Preliminary list of Fungi and Myxomycetes of Leningrad region. Saint Petersburg: TREEART LLC. 56 p.
Ushakova N. V. (2000) Fungi-indicators of the native dark coniferous forests of the Urals [Ушакова Н. В. Грибы-индикаторы коренных темнохвойных лесов Урала] // Ekologiya protsessov biologicheskogo razlozheniya drevesiny. Yekaterinburg. P. 6–15 (in Russian)
Kotiranta H., Ushakova N., Mukhin V. A. (2007) Polypore (Aphyllophorales, Basidiomycetes) studies in Russia. 2. Central Ural // Annales Botanici Fennici 44(2):103–127
Kotkova V. M. (2012) Study aphyllophoroid fungi in the forests of the Tsentralno-Lesnoy State Nature Biosphere Reserve [Коткова В. М. Изучение афиллофоровых грибов в лесах Центрально-Лесного государственного природного биосферного заповедника] // Zheltukhin A. S. (ed) Dinamika mnogoletnikh protsessov v ekosistemakh Tsentralno-Lesnogo zapovednika. Trudy Tsentralno-Lesnogo gosudarstvennogo prirodnogo biosfernogo zapovednika. Vypusk 6. Velikiye Luki. P. 307–318 (in Russian)
Kotkova V. M. (2014) Fungi of the Tsentralno-Lesnoy Nature Reserve (annotated list of species) [Коткова В. М. Грибы Центрально-Лесного заповедника (аннотированный список видов)]. Flora and fauna of nature reserves. Vol. 122. Moscow. 94 p. (in Russian)
Kotkova V. M., Niemelä T., Viner I. A., Schigel D. S., Kurakov A. V. (2015) Polypore fungi: materials of the international course on ecology and taxonomy of lignicolous basidiomycetes in the Central Forest Reserve [Коткова В. М., Ниемеля Т., Винер И. А., Щигель Д. С., Кураков А. В. Трутовые грибы: материалы международного кура по экологии и таксономии дереворазрушающих базидиомицетов в Центрально-Лесном заповеднике]. Helsinki: Helsinki University Printing House. 95 p. (in Russian)
Viner I. A., Schigel D. S., Kotiranta H. (2016) New occurrences of aphyllophoroid fungi (Agaricomycetes, Basidiomycota) in the Central Forest State Biosphere Nature Reserve, Tver Region, Russia // Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 53:81–91
GBIF https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?offset=0&q=Pycnoporellus alboluteus


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted