The gênero Cryptophiale was introduced by Pirozzynski in 1968 with two species, C. kakombensis and C. udagawae Piroz. & Ichinoe. The species C. kakombensis shown phialophores setiform, widely scattered, arising singly from flat, conical, swollen basal cells, simple, erect, thick- and smooth-walled, dark brown. Phialides enteroblastic, extending from just below the apex to slightly less than halfway down the phialophore axis, composed of a narrowly ellipsoid shield-shaped plate of apparently sterile cells. Phialospores solitary, 1-septate, falcate, produced in slime and adhering to the fertile part of the phialophore in form of a droplet, drying up into whitish crust, hyaline, at first continuous, then l-septate (Pirozynki, 1968; Ellis, 1971; Mercado-Sierra et al., 1997).
The species Cryptophiale kakombensis in Brazil have a widely distribution, in the world there is not registres in Europe. This species is in association the decaying leaf material in humid forest, where there is a large production organic matter, but in impacted environmets where there is a reduction of vegetation, this species may declive.
Distribution: subtropical and tropical climate regions
The genus is composed by 21 species and is distribution in Africa, Asia, Oceania, North America (Caribbean, Mexico, USA), South America. The species C. kakombenis have been related in leaves of plants in decomposing (Kuthubutheen; Sutton, 1985; Lateef; Sepiah; Bolhassan, 2016; Yang et al., 2018).
Population Trend: Stable
This is species is associated with leaf litter
There are no reports of the species in Europe, in the poles and deserts. In Brazil, ecosystems such as restinga, pampas and mangroves do not occur.
Cryptophiale kakombensis has been registered as a fungus that infects the plant of the genus Euterpes edulis Mart, known as Palmiteiro (Embrapa Cernagem, 2010).