Lycoperdon acuminatum Bosc ( 1851)
Lycoperdon pyriforme Shaeff. ex Pers. var. acuminatum (Bosc) F. Šmarda (1958)
Species with a narrow ecology preferences, growing among mosses covering big living trunks and roots in old deciduous and coniferous forests.
Finds of Bovista acuminata in Europe pointed in Flora, 1958, are doubtful (Kreisel 1967). In Georgia pointed by B.Vasilkov (1954; LE 2065). In Russia known from Caucasus, Altay and Far East (Sosin, 1973; Yu.Rebriev 2007; LE materials).
Scattered finds in all areal. There are not more 20-30 localities are known. This century only 3 location are documented (Kreisel & Karasch 2005; original data), therefore this species can be considered as declining.
Population Trend: Decreasing
Species with a narrow ecology preferences, growing among mosses covering big living trunks and roots (or stones sometimes) in old deciduous and coniferous forests. Basidiomes can be occurs at a height of several meters (2-3 and more) under ground. It pointed on Quercus, Fagus, Carpinus, Ulmus, Alnus, Carya, Magnolia, Juniperus, Cupressus. Species looks like not a parasitic but bark- and bryo-phylous.
Loss of habitats due to deforestation; habitats degradation due to intensive land use.
We need in conservation of known localities, monitoring of the state of habitats and populations. Organization of Important Fungal Areas with a high protected status. Conservation in pure cultures collections.
In Russia this species pointed from reserve “Sikhote-Alinsky” (Primorsky krai) and from reserve “Cavkazsky” (Adjugea republic). It included in “Kemerovo region red book, 2012”.
Ecology and physiology study, detailed distribution research, search of new localities.
Flora ČSR. B. 1. Gasteromycetes (Ed. A. Pilat). 1958. Praha, 836 p. (in Czech).
Kemerovo region red book. 2012. 208 p. (in Rus.)
Kreisel, H., Karasch P. 2005. About Bovista acuminata and Morganella subincarnata - two remarkable collections of Gasteromycetes from the alps. Mycol. Bav. 8: 9-15.Sosin P. E. 1973. A guide to the Gasteromycetes of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 164 p. (in Russian).
Rebriev Yu. A. 2007. Gasteromycetes of Adjugea. Trudy Yuzhnogo nauchnogo tzentra Rossiyskoy Akademii Nauk. 3: 118-123 (in Russian).
Vasilkov B.P. 1954. Some interesting and new gasteromycetes species in the USSR. Trudy Botanicheskogo Instituta Komarova Akademii Nauk SSSR. Ser. 2, issue 9: 447–464. (In Russian).