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Armillaria ectypa (Fr.) Lamoure

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Scientific name
Armillaria ectypa
Author
(Fr.) Lamoure
Common names
Marsh Honey Fungus
Опёнок чеканный
Purvu celmene
opieńka torfowiskowa
Moor-Hallimasch
kärrhonungsskivling
Ringløs honningsvamp
Yachi-hirohida-take
Nevamesisieni
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Agaricales
Family
Physalacriaceae
Assessment status
Published
IUCN Red List Category
NT
Proposed by
Tatyana Svetasheva
Assessors
Tatyana Svetasheva
Contributors
Martyn Ainsworth, Inita Daniele, Tsutomu Hattori, Michael Krikorev, Kamil Kędra, Thomas Læssøe, Beatrice Senn-Irlet, Tea von Bonsdorff
Comments etc.
Jacob Heilmann-Clausen, Reda Irsenaite, Elena Zvyagina
Reviewers
Anders Dahlberg

Assessment Status Notes

Taxonomic notes

Synonymy:
Agaricus ectypus Fr. (1821)
Armillariella ectypa (Fr.) Singer (1943)
Camarophyllus ectypus (Fr.) P. Karst. (1879)
Clitocybe ectypa (Fr.) Gillet (1874) [1878]
Omphalia ectypa (Fr.) Quél. (1886)


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Marsh Honey Fungus is a characteristic and also very rare Eurasian species. It is confined to the specific types of fens with low nitrogen availability and at least localized base-rich micro-habitats (or alkaline fens). Despite of sufficient number of wetlands there are only small amount of types ones appropriate to the successful existence of Armillaria ectypa. Even insignificant changes of hydrological regime inside and around fens can lead to extinction of this species. It’s recorded in 13 countries, redlisted in 11 ones (including the Red Data Books of regional level in Russia).


Geographic range

Armillaria ectypa is an Eurasian species, but the most finds (~60) are known from the European part and only a few (4) localities are found in the Western Siberia. It’s recorded also in Japan.


Population and Trends

Dahlberg & Cronebirg (2003) reported 57 known localities in Europe in 2003,  Otto reported about 50 in 2011 (Otto, 2011). In addition in Russia 6 localities are known (despite of intensive special investigation in some regions).  7 sites (very small and considered as fragile habitats) are known in Japan.
In Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Czech Republic, and Netherlands decreasing of habitats has been noticed for the last 50 years.  Declining and strong treath was registered in redlisting in some of European countries: Switzerland - Ex (last record 1935), Germany -Cr; Latvia - Cr (A3), Austria (1 (Cr); Denmark - En and declining (total 9 records, but only 2 after 1990 http://svampe.dk/soeg/rapportside.php?DKIndex=10523), Finland - Vu (A1c, B1+2c).  Only in UK the number of locality increased due to very intensive special investigation, however despite this fact this species is estimated as En because of rareness and fragile type of habitats.

Trends in Russia are not known, but a threat to successful existence of localities is actual because of very small area of suitable habitats (for example in Tula region the bogs with Armillaria ectypa are about 700 m2 - 2000m2, and even the light damage of the bog can lead to change of hydrological mode and habitat in general.

Total number of known localities in Europe and Russia can be about 60, the number of unknown localities may be 10 times higher, so 600 .  We estimated 2 functional individuals per locality and number of mature individuals 2x10 per locality (due to mycelium fragmentation). 600x2x10 - 12000

Declining more then 20%  due to habitat loss and degradation (draining, peat extraction)
Applicable criteria A2c+3+4; C1 - NT, close to Vu. 

Population Trend: Deteriorating


Habitat and Ecology

Marsh Honey Fungus looks rather like to the other species of Armillaria, but it’s easily distinguished from related species by the lack of a ring, and typically growing solitary or in small groups. However the habitat is strongly different since A.ectypa is confined to various types of wetlands including mesotrophic mires (karst ones, alkaline fens), ombrogenic peat bogs, sometimes reeds at paludified pond shores, and other paludous habitats near calcareous springs. Important specific details of habitats probably are: low or rather low nitrogen contents and the presence at least localized base-rich micro-habitats (local calcareous flushes of ground water). A. ectypa is a saprotroph associated mainly with plant communities consisting of Sphagnum spp., Carex spp (mainly oligo- and mesothrophic spp.), Drosera spp. ,Rhynchospora alba, Scheuchzeria palustris etc.


Threats

The all kinds of actions leading to changing of hydrological regime in and around mires such as peat and moss extraction, drainage ditch digging, extensive forestry plantations, eutrophication of groundwater, agricultural toxic discharges and the intensive cattle grazing nearby the habitats, etc.

Biological resource useOther ecosystem modifications

Conservation Actions

The maintenance of appropriate hydrological regime, prevention of actions leading to drying, eutrophication and changing of water composition.

Land/water protectionGenome resource bankAwareness & communicationsInternational level

Research needed

We need to know preferable habitats and plant communities, the exact sizes of individuals and populations (detected with molecular methods) and their dependence from the nature conditions, breeding system, the ability of maintenance in cultures etc.


Bibliography

Ainsworth A. M. Report on the marsh honey fungus Armillaria ectypa, a UK BAP species. — L., 2003. — 22 p. — (English Nature Research Reports, No. 540).
Dahlberg A., Croneborg H. 33 threatened fungi in Europe: Complementary and revised information on candidates for listing in Appendix I of the Bern Convention. Uppsala: Swedish Species Information Centre, 2003. 82 p.
Mitchel D. Armillaria ectypa – marsh honey fungus http://www.habitas.org.uk/priority/species.asp?item=665
Otto P, 2011. Ecology and chorology of 51 selected fungal species. Draft, Leipzig (unpublished)
Red Data Book of Tula Region: plants and fungi. Official edition / Edited by A.V.Shcherbakov. - Tula: Grif et K, 2010. 393 p. (in Russian)
Red Data Book of of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra: animals, plants, fungi. Ed. 2nd / Edited by AM Vasin, AL Vasina. - Ekaterinburg: Publishing Basco, 2013. 460 p/
Termorshuizen, A.J. in Bas, C. et al. 1995. Flora Agaricina Neerlandica 3: 38-39. Rotterdam, Brookfield.


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted