• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Termitomyces heimii Natarajan

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Scientific name
Termitomyces heimii
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Assessment status
Proposed by
Rosnida Tajuddin
Comments etc.
Rosnida Tajuddin

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Termitomyces heimii Natarajan is from family Lyophyllaceae. It is known to form pseudorhiza (pseudo root), which extend deep into the soil. It is a unique characteristic that carry throughout the Termitomyces genus.

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

This fungus is edible and due to its nature to form symbiotic relationship with termite, this fungus cannot be cultivated and grow commercially as oyster mushroom or split gill mushroom. It is a local delicacy and commonly known as cendawan busut in Malay (termite mound mushroom).

Geographic range

It can be found in Malaysia (usually in cocoa, oil palm and rubber estates and areas where termite mounds are present), Thailand, Pakistan, India and equatorial Africa.

Population and Trends

Population Trend: Uncertain

Population Trend:

Habitat and Ecology

The fungus grows gregariously after heavy rains and it forms symbiosis with termite.


Over harvesting and/or incorrect harvesting from nature

Conservation Actions

A correct harvesting technique are important to sustain the production of this fungus. The fungus could be removed only at the stem level, instead of uprooting the whole fungus from the soil.  The awareness on the correct technique in harvesting this fungus and controlling the number and size of harvests per season could be an initial approach in ensuring the sustainability of this fungus

Research needed

Surveys and inventories are needed to be conducted to determine the occurrence and also distribution of this fungus.

Use and Trade

Edible and it is known for taste and delicacy for local communities (Janardhana and Pahlevanlo, 2012)


Janardhana, G. R., & Pahlevanlo, A. (2012). Diversity of Termitomyces in Kodagu and need for conservation. Journal of advanced laboratory research in biology, 3(2), 54-57.

Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted