Termitomyces heimii Natarajan is from family Lyophyllaceae. It is known to form pseudorhiza (pseudo root), which extend deep into the soil. It is a unique characteristic that carry throughout the Termitomyces genus.
This fungus is edible and due to its nature to form symbiotic relationship with termite, this fungus cannot be cultivated and grow commercially as oyster mushroom or split gill mushroom. It is a local delicacy and commonly known as cendawan busut in Malay (termite mound mushroom).
It can be found in Malaysia (usually in cocoa, oil palm and rubber estates and areas where termite mounds are present), Thailand, Pakistan, India and equatorial Africa.
Population Trend: Uncertain
The fungus grows gregariously after heavy rains and it forms symbiosis with termite.
Over harvesting and/or incorrect harvesting from nature
A correct harvesting technique are important to sustain the production of this fungus. The fungus could be removed only at the stem level, instead of uprooting the whole fungus from the soil. The awareness on the correct technique in harvesting this fungus and controlling the number and size of harvests per season could be an initial approach in ensuring the sustainability of this fungus
Surveys and inventories are needed to be conducted to determine the occurrence and also distribution of this fungus.
Edible and it is known for taste and delicacy for local communities (Janardhana and Pahlevanlo, 2012)
Janardhana, G. R., & Pahlevanlo, A. (2012). Diversity of Termitomyces in Kodagu and need for conservation. Journal of advanced laboratory research in biology, 3(2), 54-57.