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  • Under Assessment
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Ramaria rubripermanens Marr & D.E. Stuntz

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Scientific name
Ramaria rubripermanens
Author
Marr & D.E. Stuntz
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Gomphales
Family
Gomphaceae
Assessment status
Under Assessment
Proposed by
Noah Siegel
Assessors
Noah Siegel
Comments etc.
James Westrip

Assessment Notes

Justification

Ramaria rubripermanens is a common species in western North America.

Population is widespread in young to mature forests, no decline has been noted. I recommend listing as Least Concern (LC).


Taxonomic notes

Described from a Type collection made in Washington, USA (Marr & Stuntz 1973).

Field identification of Ramaria is often very difficult, with macromorphological differences being subtle and often intergrading (especially in older fruitbodies). Fall fruiting collections of Ramaria rubripermanens are very similar to R. rubrievanescens, microscopic examination is often necessary for identification.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Ramaria rubripermanens is a common species in western North America.

Population is widespread in young to mature forests, no decline has been noted. I recommend listing as Least Concern (LC).


Geographic range

Widespread across the Pacific Northwest into northern California in the Coast Range, and Cascade Range into the Sierra Nevada, east into the northern Rocky Mountains. Also reported from Quebec, Canada.


Population and Trends

Population is very widespread, and locally, can be an abundant species. Currently known from >250 records from ~125 locations, mostly from Oregon, USA. Population appears stable, no decline has been recorded.

Population Trend: Stable


Habitat and Ecology

Fruitbodies solitary or in scattered troops, growing from soil; fruiting in late spring and fall. Ectomycorrhizal, in California, it is primarily known from, but not restricted to, old growth forests of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii). In the Pacific Northwest, it is often found with other conifers, especially true firs (Abies sp.), and is common in mid-late seral stage forests.

Temperate Forest

Threats

Because of the wide scale nature of this fungus, and the ability to occur in mid to late secession forests, population overall is stable. Locally, climate change and droughts, along with forest management practices has made western forests highly susceptible to stand replacing forest fires. Fire is a threat to this species’ populations. A stand replacing fire could severely degrade and/or diminish its current range.

Increase in fire frequency/intensityDroughts

Conservation Actions

This species is included on the United States Forest Service Northwest Forest Plan Survey and Manage list of rare/old growth forests dependent fungi, and has been actively surveyed for since the late 1990’s. (Castellano et al. 1999).


Research needed

No specific research is needed with regards to this species.


Use and Trade

This species is edible, but only rarely collected for food.

Food - human

Bibliography

Castellano, M.A., Smith, J.E., O’Dell, T., Cázares, E. and Nugent, S. 1999. Handbook to Strategy 1 Fungal Species in the Northwest Forest Plan. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: Portland, OR. 195 p.

Exeter, R.L., Norvell, L. and Cázares, E. 2006. Ramaria of the Pacific Northwestern United States. United States Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management: Salem, OR. 157 p.

Marr, C.D. and Stuntz, D.E. 1973. Ramaria of Western Washington (Bibliotheca Mycologica, Band 38). J. Cramer: Vaduz, Liechtenstein. 232 p.

MyCoPortal. 2021. http://mycoportal.org/portal/index.php. Accessed on February 15.

Siegel, N., Vellinga, E.C., Schwarz, C., Castellano, M.A. and Ikeda, D. 2019. A Field Guide to the Rare Fungi of California’s National Forests. Bookmobile: Minneapolis, MN. 313 p.


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted