• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Glomus multicaule Gerd. & B.K. Bakshi

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Scientific name
Glomus multicaule
Gerd. & B.K. Bakshi
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Assessment status
Proposed by
Joana Veras
Comments etc.
Leonor Maia, Joana Veras

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Spores formed only singly in soil; yellow to brown, ellipsoid, broadly ellipsoidal, subglobose. The species is distinguished by the very thick ornamented spore wall and the multiple attached hyphae.

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Due to the lack of adequate information to make a direct or indirect assessment of its risk of extinction, based on its distribution and / or population status, I would suggest that this species be categorized as insufficient data (DD).

Geographic range

This species, described from Indonesia and with only one record in GBIF, has been found also in disturbed and undisturbed areas of the Atlantic Forest and Caatinga (dry forest) in Brazil.

Population and Trends

Apparently this species is not common as shown by the few records.

Population Trend: Uncertain

Habitat and Ecology

Spores found in natural and antropogenics areas of Atlantic Forest and Caatinga

Subtropical/Tropical Dry ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest


As mandatory symbionts, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi pass a part of the life cycle associated with a host (plant). Thus, the main threats related to these fungi are the loss of vegetation and soil disturbances

Housing & urban areasOther ecosystem modificationsHabitat shifting & alteration

Conservation Actions

Soil microorganisms, especially arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, receive little attention in the field of conservation biology, although they play a crucial role in the production of fundamental ecosystem services, such as fertility, soil formation and maintenance, nutrient cycling and plant community dynamics , among others. For the conservation of these fungi, in addition to the soil, it is also necessary to preserve associated hosts.

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionHabitat & natural process restoration

Research needed

In a future scenario, it is important to develop an information system that can predict the degree to which plants depend on mycorrhizal fungi and the effects of this association for both symbionts. In this perspective, understanding more about the evolutionary history and ecological aspects of these fungi, can help to understand the variation in functional attributes between species and even predict the result of interactions between the fungus and the host.

TaxonomyLife history & ecologyThreatsOther

Use and Trade



MAIA, Leonor Costa et al. Species diversity of Glomeromycota in Brazilian biomes. Sydowia, v. 72, p. 181-205, 2020.

Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted