• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Gigaspora margarita W.N. Becker & I.R. Hall

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Scientific name
Gigaspora margarita
Author
W.N. Becker & I.R. Hall
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Unknown
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Glomeromycota
Class
Glomeromycetes
Order
Diversisporales
Family
Gigasporaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Joana Veras
Comments etc.
Leonor Maia, Joana Veras

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Mature spores are large, up to 400 µm, globose to subglobose, white to cream to yellow and have a “germinative” layer with numerous “warts” or “papillae” that form on the inner surface and are especially concentrated in the regions where the germ tubes are formed.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Due to the several records worldwide, we suggest this species to be categorized as Least Concern (LC).


Geographic range

This species has a high number os records (161) in GBIF. It has been found in Brazil (ocuurring in all regions), Canada, China, Cuba, India, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Poland, Syria, USA.


Population and Trends

The species has been found in many surveys worldwide and there are no records of decreasing populations

Population Trend: Uncertain


Habitat and Ecology

The species has a worldwide distribution and in Brazil it has been found in natural and antropized areas in different biomes such as Amazon rainforest, Cerrado, Atlantic rainforest, Pampa, Caatinga and Pantanal.

Subtropical/Tropical Dry ForestDry Savanna

Threats

As mandatory symbionts, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi pass a part of the life cycle associated with a host (plant). Thus, the main threats related to these fungi are the loss of vegetation and soil disturbances

Housing & urban areasScale Unknown/UnrecordedMining & quarrying

Conservation Actions

Essa espécie é mantida em culturas na coleção Embrapa Mandioca e Fruticultura, localizado em Petrolina.

Resource & habitat protectionHabitat & natural process restoration

Research needed

In a future scenario, it is important to develop an information system that can predict the degree to which plants depend on mycorrhizal fungi and the effects of this association for both symbionts. In this perspective, understanding more about the evolutionary history and ecological aspects of these fungi, can help to understand the variation in functional attributes between species and even predict the result of interactions between the fungus and the host.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsThreats

Use and Trade

Unknown

Bibliography

WINAGRASKI, Etienne et al. DIVERSITY OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI IN FOREST ECOSYSTEMS OF BRAZIL: A REVIEW. Cerne, v. 25, n. 1, p. 25-35, 2019.
JOBIM¹, KHADIJA; OLIVEIRA, BRUNA IOHANNA SANTOS; GOTO, BRUNO TOMIO. Checklist of the Glomeromycota in the Brazilian Savanna. 2016.
LINS, Gêlva Maria de Lima; TRINDADE, Aldo Vilar; ROCHA, Hermínio Souza. Utilização de Gigaspora margarita em plantas micropropagadas de bananeira em diferentes estádios de enraizamento. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura, v. 25, n. 1, p. 143-147, 2003.
MAIA, Leonor Costa et al. Species diversity of Glomeromycota in Brazilian biomes. Sydowia, v. 72, p. 181-205, 2020.
http://www.zor.zut.edu.pl/Glomeromycota/Gigaspora margarita.html
https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/25191


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted