• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Gigaspora gigantea (T.H. Nicolson & Gerd.) Gerd. & Trappe

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Scientific name
Gigaspora gigantea
Author
(T.H. Nicolson & Gerd.) Gerd. & Trappe
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Unknown
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Glomeromycota
Class
Glomeromycetes
Order
Diversisporales
Family
Gigasporaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Joana Veras
Comments etc.
Joana Veras

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

The most striking characteristics of these species is the size of their spores, one of the largest in the phylum Glomeromycota reaching up to 812 µm. Features auxiliary cell with projections


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Considering the common record of this species in different ecosystems and countries I suggest its classification as LC.


Geographic range

This species is recorded in different countries from Asia, South and
North America. Blaszkowski mentions that he found specimens of G. gigantean in
rhizospheric soils from Europe, Africa, and Asia.


Population and Trends

It is believed that with more research, the number of occurrence records
for this species will be even greater.

Population Trend: Improving


Habitat and Ecology

In Brazil, this species has been recorded in Atlantic Forest, Caatinga, and Cerrado
ecosystems, both in disturbed and undisturbed areas.

Subtropical/Tropical Dry ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest

Threats

As a mandatory symbiote, this species is found associated with Brazilian tropical forest vegetation that are exposed to different types of anthropogenic disturbances such as high deforestation rates, for example.

Housing & urban areasScale Unknown/UnrecordedScale Unknown/Unrecorded

Conservation Actions

Controlling the progress of anthropogenic disturbance over tropical forests.

Site/area protectionHabitat & natural process restoration

Research needed

More research is needed on its distribution, taxonomy and ecology, such as: evaluating other areas, understanding if there is any relationship with the size of its spore and its habitat, etc.

Population size, distribution & trendsThreatsOther

Use and Trade

Unknown

Bibliography

WINAGRASKI, Etienne et al. DIVERSITY OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI IN FOREST ECOSYSTEMS OF BRAZIL: A REVIEW. Cerne, v. 25, n. 1, p. 25-35, 2019.
JOBIM¹, KHADIJA; OLIVEIRA, BRUNA IOHANNA SANTOS; GOTO, BRUNO TOMIO. Checklist of the Glomeromycota in the Brazilian Savanna. 2016.
MAIA, Leonor Costa et al. Species diversity of Glomeromycota in Brazilian biomes. Sydowia, v. 72, p. 181-205, 2020.
Blaszkowski -
http://www.zor.zut.edu.pl/Glomeromycota/Gigaspora gigantea.htm
Blaszkowski J. 1990. Polish Endogonaceae IV. Gigaspora gigantea, Glomus
deserticola, and Glomus globiferum. Acta Mycol 26, 3-16.


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted