The genus Chalara was described by (Corda) Rabenh. in 1844 and it is compost through 147 species. The species Chalara alabamensis Morgan-Jones & E.G. Ingram features conidiophores macronematous, mononematous, solitary, erect, smooth, simple; phialides lageniform, smooth, base subcylindrical, cylindrical neck, pale brown; phialospore endogenous in chains of mature conidia at the apex, cylindrical, 1-sepate, smooth, hyaline (Morgan-Jones; Ingram, 1976).
Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?
The study of conidial fungi in diverse environments can help to expand knowledge of the existing fungi, as well as to improve preservation of these microorganisms.
Distribution: in tropical climate
Population and Trends
Chalara alabamensis is widely distributed in Brazil, except in central-west region. There are records of this species in the Neotropics in plants in decomposing plants as Quercus germana, Quercus sartorii, Liquidambar styraciflua (Heredia, 1993) and in unknown plants of in Ivory Coast (Heredia-Abarca, 1994). Still, has been recorded several times on leaves or wood in terrestrial cases (Rambelli et al. 2004).
Type Unknown/UnrecordedSoil erosion, sedimentation
There are no reports of these species in Europe, Asia and Oceania.
TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trends
Use and Trade
Chalara alabamensis was isolated from the host plant Asterogyne mariana (Arecaceae) collected in Costa Rica; dichloromethane extract of the fungus displayed effective antimalarial activity against an essential protein-folding chaperone from Plasmodium falciparum (Cao et al, 2010).
Chalara alabamensis Morgan-Jones & E.G. Ingram
(Barbosa, M.A., 2018)