• Proposed
  • Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Sarcodontia crocea (Schwein.) Kotl.

Go to another Suggested Species...

Scientific name
Sarcodontia crocea
Author
(Schwein.) Kotl.
Common names
Krookusnarmik
Boomgaardstekelkorstzwam
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Polyporales
Family
Meruliaceae
Assessment status
Under Assessment
Proposed by
Reda Iršėnaitė
Assessors
Reda Iršėnaitė
Comments etc.
Anders Dahlberg, Wim Ozinga, Irja Saar

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Sarcodontia crocea grows on old damaged fruit trees in orchards and gardens rather abandoned, without intensive modern methods of cultivation, thus the fungus has become rare. It is regionally extinct (RE) in Estonia, known from several localities and red listed in Sweden, Finland, Lithuania, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, and Hungary. It has previously been considered as common parasite on apple trees, now is near threatened (NT).


Geographic range

It is known from Europe, North America and Asia


Population and Trends

Population Trend:


Habitat and Ecology

Sarcodontia crocea forming annual fruit bodies on living fruit tree from Rosaceae family (mainly Malus, Pyrus, Sorbus, Prunus), but also known from other deciduous trees (Acer, Fraxinus, Fagus and Quercus). It colonizes dead, dry branches or appears in bark cracks and rotted hollows of the trees in orchards, gardens, roadsides. It causes white rot. The fruit body is resupinate to effused, adnate, forming long patches sometimes from several centimeter to meter long covered with densely crowded 5-10 mm long spines. It is distinguishable by bright sulfur-yellow fruit body and a remarkable sweetish-fruity (anise or pineapple) order.


Threats


Conservation Actions


Research needed


Use and Trade


Bibliography


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted