• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Beenakia dacostae D.A. Reid

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Scientific name
Beenakia dacostae
Author
D.A. Reid
Common names
Beenak Long Tooth
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Gomphales
Family
Clavariadelphaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Fungimap Conservation
Assessors
Tom May
Comments etc.
Fungimap Conservation, Jerry Cooper, Anders Dahlberg, Patrick Leonard

Assessment Notes

Need yo be written through and preliminary assessed.
Ecology, status and trends should be clarified.

Taxonomic notes

Beenakia dacostae is a distinctive species, described in 1955. It is recognisable in the field by the relatively soft sporing bodies, pale pileus, and decurrent, olive-brown spines.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

There have been less than 100 sightings of this species. Their habitat is decreasing due to climate change, urbanisation, increased fire frequency, drying forests and deforestation.


Geographic range

Australia: Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales (one site, rainforest at New England National Park); New Zealand: North and South Island; New Caledonia


Population and Trends

There have been a total of 104 recorded sightings of this species in Australasia. In Australia there have been 46 sightings in Tasmania, 30 in Victoria and one in New South Wales. In New Zealand there have been 21 sightings in the North Island. Data was obtained from the Atlas of Living Australia (ALA) on March 3, 2019. There were many duplicate records which were removed. The species has been observed in New Caledonia, where it appears to be rare (6 sightings).

In Australia, the predominant habitat is Cool Temperate Rainforest, or wet, tall Eucalyptus forest. In New Caledonia, is associated with Nothofagus.

There are large areas of suitable habitat where the fungus has not been recorded (particularly in Australia), and the number of sightings (say 100) would have to be multiplied by 10 or more to account for unrecorded sites. At a given site there is no information as to how many patches might be expected, so we could double the functional individuals to allow for unrecorded individuals at a site level. Assuming 5 mature individuals for each functional individual, gives a population estimate of 10,000.

Population Trend: Uncertain


Habitat and Ecology

On dead wood, often rotten limbs and branches in wet forests. Fruit-bodies are sometimes found in dry, shaded spots beneath very large fallen logs.

Found predominantly in wetter forests including Rainforests and Vine Thickets, Eucalypt Open Forests, Low Closed Forests and Tall Closed Shrublands and less commonly in Other Grasslands, Herblands, Sedgelands and Rushlands, Acacia Forests and Woodlands and Cleared, non-native vegetation areas.


Threats

This fungus is found on slopes that are subject to deforestation and urbanisation. Their habitat is wet forest which is shrinking/drying due to climate change. With the Australian forests that being subjected to increased fire frequency and intensity, often resulting in drier vegetation in post fire communities.

Housing & urban areasIncrease in fire frequency/intensity

Conservation Actions


Research needed


Use and Trade


Bibliography

Atlas of Living Australia. Accessed 3rd March 2019 from https://bie.ala.org.au/species/b15cd82a-84eb-4550-b760-676c0cd159b5

Fungimap, 2018. Fungimap. Accessed 17th April 2019, from https://fungimap.org.au/beenakia-dacostae-beenak-long-tooth/

Grey P and Grey E 2005 Fungi down under: the Fungimap guide to Australian fungi. Fungimap: South Yarra, Victoria. P 74

Reid, D.A. 1995. New or interesting records of Australasian Basidiomycetes. Kew Bulletin. 10(04):631-648

Data was compiled by Ema Corro and Sapphire McMullan-Fisher


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted