• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Beenakia dacostae D.A. Reid

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Scientific name
Beenakia dacostae
Author
D.A. Reid
Common names
Beenak Long Tooth
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Gomphales
Family
Clavariadelphaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Fungimap Conservation
Comments etc.
Fungimap Conservation, Jerry Cooper, Anders Dahlberg, Tom May

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

“NEW OR INTERESTING RECORDS OF AUSTRALASIAN BASIDIOMYCETES
DEREK A. REID
Beenakia dacostae Reid, sp. nov. Pileus 1.0 cm. diametro, fulvus, aculeis minutissimis brunneis oblectus.
Stipes ad partem pilei medium affixus, glaber, fulvus 2-0 cm. longus, 0-15 cm. latus. Hyphae subhymeniales hyalinae, usque ad 3. latae, muristenuibus, et fibulis ornatae. Hyphae contextae hyalinae, 1-5? latae, muristenuibus, fibulis ornatae. Basidia quadrispora, clavata, 26-0-39-0 x 4V,basi fibulata. Sterigmata usque ad 5. longa. Sporae brunneae, ellipsoideae,6-9 x 2-5- 3., asperis minutissimis ornatae.
AUSTRALIA: On rotten limbs and branches in wet forest, Beenak, Victoria, E. W. B. Da Costa, 16.7.1948 [Herb. F.P.S.M. No. 2033].
(Typus).”
(Reid, 1995)

“On dry, woody debris or rotten branches in wet eucalyptus forests. This small, stalked fungus has a very smooth, white, wavy cap. Pale olive-brown teeth underneath the cap are long, pointed and extend part way down the stem. The thin, woody stem is smooth and white, but often coloured pale brown with spores.”
(Fungimap website, 2018)
See also description in Grey 2005
Grey P and Grey E 2005 Fungi down under: the Fungimap guide to Australian fungi. Fungimap: South Yarra, Victoria. P 74


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

There have been less than 100 sightings of this species. Their habitat is decreasing due to climate change, urbanisation, increased fire frequency, drying forests and deforestation.


Geographic range

Australia: Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales, and New Zealand: North Island.

There have been a total of 98 recorded sightings of this species in Australasia. In Australia there have been 46 sightings in Tasmania, 30 in Victoria and one in New South Wales. In New Zealand there have been 21 sightings in the North Island. This data was obtained from the Atlas of Living Australia (ALA) on March 3, 2019. There were many duplicate records which were removed.

Found predominantly in wetter forests including Rainforests and Vine Thickets, Eucalypt Open Forests, Low Closed Forests and Tall Closed Shrublands and less commonly in Other Grasslands, Herblands, Sedgelands and Rushlands, Acacia Forests and Woodlands and Cleared, non-native vegetation areas.


Population and Trends

This data was obtained from the Atlas of Living Australia. The increase in sightings is likely due to more people looking for them and recording them rather than an increase in population.

Population Trend: Uncertain


Habitat and Ecology

On dead wood, often rotten limbs and branches in wet forests.

Found predominantly in wetter forests including Rainforests and Vine Thickets, Eucalypt Open Forests, Low Closed Forests and Tall Closed Shrublands and less commonly in Other Grasslands, Herblands, Sedgelands and Rushlands, Acacia Forests and Woodlands and Cleared, non-native vegetation areas.


Threats

These fungi are found on slopes that are subject to deforestation and urbanisation. Their habitat is wet forest which is shrinking/drying due to climate change. With the Australian forests that being subjected to increased fire frequency and intensity, often resulting in drier vegetation in post fire communities.

Housing & urban areasIncrease in fire frequency/intensity

Conservation Actions


Research needed


Use and Trade


Bibliography

Atlas of Living Australia. Accessed 3rd March 2019 from https://bie.ala.org.au/species/b15cd82a-84eb-4550-b760-676c0cd159b5

Fungimap, 2018. Fungimap. Accessed 17th April 2019, from https://fungimap.org.au/beenakia-dacostae-beenak-long-tooth/

Grey P and Grey E 2005 Fungi down under: the Fungimap guide to Australian fungi. Fungimap: South Yarra, Victoria. P 74

Reid, D.A. 1995. New or interesting records of Australasian Basidiomycetes. Kew Bulletin. 10(04):631-648

Data was compiled by Ema Corro and Sapphire McMullan-Fisher


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted