• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Suillus sibiricus (Singer) Singer

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Scientific name
Suillus sibiricus
Author
(Singer) Singer
Common names
Масленок сибирский
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Boletales
Family
Suillaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Mitko Karadelev
Contributors
Mitko Karadelev, Pierre-Arthur Moreau, Elena Zvyagina
Comments etc.
Michael Krikorev, Katerina Rusevska, Beatrice Senn-Irlet, Sergey Volobuev

Assessment Status Notes

Taxonomic notes

Suillus sibiricus subsp. helveticus is a medium sized bolete with pale yellow pileus with darker spots and the margin fringed with veil and with a stipe with woolly, white ring. The fruit bodies are edible but not much appreciated by mushroom hunters. No commercial value. The fruiting period is July-October.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Mycorrhizal with Pinus cembra in subalpine forests in the Alps and with Pinus peuce in Eastern Balkans. It is found in at least 14 countries, and has been included in the Red List of 8 countries.


Geographic range

Suillus sibiricus is one of the few species of the genus Suillus that are exclusively mycorrhizal with five-needle pines. The subspecies helveticus is a very rare European species, endemic to Central-European mountains. It occurs within the area of distribution of its mycorrhizal trees as follows: Pinus cembra in the Alps and Carpathians (Favre 1960, Breitenbach & Kränzlin 1991, Lizoň & Bacigálová 1998, Krieglsteiner 2000, Roniker 2005), and P. peuce in the Balkans (Aasyov & Denchev 2004, Gyosheva et al. 2000, Karadelev & Rusevska 2009).


Population and Trends

In national lists of endangered fungi in Austria, Armenia, Germany, Great Britain (extinct), Greece, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland (extinct), Netherlands.

In regional lists of endangered fungi in FRANCE: Pays-de-la-Loire; GERMANY: Baden-Württemberg, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Sachsen-Anhalt; RUSSIA: Rostov Region

Population Trend:


Habitat and Ecology

Suillus sibiricus ssp. herlveticus is a species exclusively mycorrhizal with five-needle pines. The subspecies helveticus is a very rare European species, and occurs within the area of distribution of its mycorrhizal trees as follows: Pinus cembra in the Alps and Carpathians and P. peuce in the Balkans.


Threats

Loss of habitats by constructing of sky-runs and other infrastructure for winter sports. Intensification of agriculture and forestry in subalpine region.


Conservation Actions

Many localities are already nature reserves, so the species is partially protected.


Research needed


Use and Trade


Bibliography

1. Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin F. (1991): Pilze der Schweiz. Band 3. Röhrlinge und Blätterpilze 1. Teil. Luzern….
2. Gaussen H., Heywood, V. H. & Chater, A. O. 1993: Pinus L. - In: Tutin, T. G. & al. (ed.), Flora Europaea, (ed. 2), 1: 44, Univ. Press, Cambridge.
3. Rohlena, J. 1942: Conspectus Florae Montenegrinae. Preslia 20-21.
4. Tortić, M. (1967): Ein neuer Fundort und neuer Mykorrhizapartner von Suillus sibiricus (Sing) Sing. SZFP. 45: 55-58.
5. Karadelev, M., Rusevska, K. (2013). Contribution to Macedonian Red List of fungi. Proceedings of the 4th Congress of Ecologists of Macedonia with International Participation, Ohrid, 12-15 October 2012. Macedonian Ecological Society, Special issue 28: 68-73. Skopje.
6. Karadelev, M. & K. Rusevska. (2008). Bern convention fungi candidates from Macedonia I (Boletus dupainii, Phylloporus rhodoxanthus and Suillus sibiricus ssp. helveticus). Biol. Macedonica, 61:7-14.
7. Kasom G, Miličković N. (2006). Protected Species of Macromycetes in the Republic of Montenegro. Institute for the Protection of Nature of Montenegro. Retrieved 2010-07-22.


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted