• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Gongronella butleri (Lendn.) Peyronel & Dal Vesco

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Scientific name
Gongronella butleri
Author
(Lendn.) Peyronel & Dal Vesco
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Chytrid, Zygomycete, Downy Mildew and Slime Mould
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Zygomycota
Class
Incertae sedis
Order
Mucorales
Family
Cunninghamellaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Leslie Freitas
Comments etc.
Leslie Freitas

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Gongronella butleri (Lendn.) Peyronel & Dal Vesco, Allionia 2: 370 (1955).

Colony white, reverse cream, after 7days in BDA at 28 °C. Sporangiophores hyaline, 30–140 (–300) × 2–5 μm, smooth- or slightly rough-walled, with a septum below the apophysis, simple branched. Sporangia hyaline, globose, 10–25 (–35) μm in diam, wall vitreous in aspect. Columellae hemispherical, some globose, or dome-shaped 3.4–9 μm in diam, smooth-walled. Apophyses hemispherical or bell-shaped. Sporangiospores hyaline,  bean-shaped, oval, smooth-walled, 2–3.8 × 1.5–2 (–3.2) μm. Heterothallic. Zygosporangia not observed.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?


Geographic range

The species in known in 13 countries. In Brazil, it is known in 3 of the 26 states.


Population and Trends

There are about 366 records of this species in GBIF, mostly in Australia.

Population Trend:


Habitat and Ecology

Commonly isolated from soil. In Brazil, the species is found in Atlantic Forest and Caatinga.


Threats

In Brazil, the species is found in Atlantic Forest and Caatinga.


Conservation Actions


Research needed

The species has a fragmented distribution. Studies about its population distribution are needed.


Use and Trade

Gongronella specimens are widely used in the biotechnology industry due to their ability to produce enzymes (STREIT et al., 2009), such as β-glucosidase and xylanase. In addition, taxa of this genus are capable of degrading metalaxyl fungicide (MARTINS et al. 2017), and producing organic acids derived from 2 - pentenedioic acid (AKONE et al., 2014), besides the ability to increase laccase production by Coprinopsis cinerea (Schaeff.) Redhead, Vilgalys & Moncalvo.


Bibliography

STREIT, F., KOCH, F., LARANJEIRA, M., NINOW, J. L. Production of fungal chitosan in liquid cultivation using apple pomace as substrate. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, v. 40, n. 1, p. 20-25, 2009.
MARTINS, M. R., SANTOS, C., PEREIRA, P., CRUZ-MORAIS, J., LIMA, N. Metalaxyl Degradation by Mucorales Strains Gongronella sp. and Rhizopus oryzae. Molecules, v. 22, n. 12, p. 2225, 2017.
AKONE, S. H., RAHN, S., HENRICH, B., DALETOS, G., VARDAMIDES, J. C., NKENGFACK, A. E., PROKSCH, P. 2-Pentenedioic acid derivatives from a soil-derived fungus Gongronella butleri. Phytochemistry Letters, v. 10, p. 184-188, 2014.


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted