• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Glomus microcarpum Tul. & C. Tul.

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Scientific name
Glomus microcarpum
Author
Tul. & C. Tul.
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Unknown
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Glomeromycota
Class
Glomeromycetes
Order
Glomerales
Family
Glomeraceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Joana Veras
Comments etc.
Leonor Maia, Joana Veras

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Glomerospores of this species are globose to subglobose, small (less than 60 µm diam), pale yellow to golden yellow and usually formed in sporocarps; presence of a peridium has been reported but is is not common. Glomus microcarpum is the type species of Glomus and was described by Tul. & C. Tul., in 1844.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Due to the several records worldwide, we suggest this species to be categorized as Least Concern (LC).


Geographic range

This species has a worldwide distribution, with records in more than 20 countries in different continents (North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Oceania).


Population and Trends

It is believed that with more studies in different habitats, this species will increase its occurrence number.

Population Trend: Uncertain


Habitat and Ecology

In Brazil, this species is registered in different biomes, such as Amazon rainforest, Cerrado, Atlantic rainforest and Caatinga

Subtropical/Tropical Dry ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest

Threats

As mandatory symbionts, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi pass a part of the life cycle associated with a host (plant). Thus, the main threats related to these fungi are the loss of vegetation and soil disturbances.

Housing & urban areasScale Unknown/UnrecordedUnintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)

Conservation Actions

Soil microorganisms, especially arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, receive little attention in the field of conservation biology, although they play a crucial role in the production of fundamental ecosystem services, such as fertility, soil formation and maintenance, nutrient cycling and plant community dynamics , among others. For the conservation of these fungi, in addition to the soil, it is also necessary to preserve associated hosts.

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionHabitat & natural process restoration

Research needed

In a future scenario, it is important to develop an information system that can predict the degree to which plants depend on mycorrhizal fungi and the effects of this association for both symbionts. In this perspective, understanding more about the evolutionary history and ecological aspects of these fungi, can help to understand the variation in functional attributes between species and even predict the result of interactions between the fungus and the host.

TaxonomyLife history & ecologyOther

Use and Trade

Unknown

Bibliography

MAIA, Leonor Costa et al. Species diversity of Glomeromycota in Brazilian biomes. Sydowia, v. 72, p. 181-205, 2020.
http://www.zor.zut.edu.pl/Glomeromycota/Glomus microcarpum.html


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted