• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Cunninghamella echinulata (Thaxt.) Thaxt. ex Blakeslee

Go to another Suggested Species...

Scientific name
Cunninghamella echinulata
Author
(Thaxt.) Thaxt. ex Blakeslee
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Chytrid, Zygomycete, Downy Mildew and Slime Mould
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Zygomycota
Class
Incertae sedis
Order
Mucorales
Family
Cunninghamellaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Leslie Freitas
Comments etc.
Leslie Freitas

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Cunninghamella echinulata var. echinulata (Thaxt.) Thaxt. ex Blakeslee, Bot. Gaz. 40: 161 (1905).

Colony initially white becoming white pale or slightly yellowish after five days, at 28 °C on MEA.  Rhizoids and stolons present. Sporophores erect or bent, commonly terminating in a vesicle, 4–15 μm in diam. Branches single, in pairs, rarely verticillate or pseudoverticillate, some rebranching up to 3 times, 15–170 (–220) μm in length. Vesicles hyaline, globose and subglobose, smooth-walled. Terminal vesicles (–10) 15–40 (–45) μm in diam; lateral vesicles (–5) 10–20 (–30) μm in diam. Pedicels 2–6 μm in length. Sporangiola hyaline or subhyaline, ovoid, ellipsoid and subglobose, some pointed at one end, 9–20 × 6–16 μm, slightly equinulated; Dark giant sporangiola may be present, globose, strongly equinulate, 9–30 μm in diam. Sporangiospores within the sporangioles hyaline, smooth-walled. Chlamydospores and zygosporanga not seen. Probably heterothallic.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

There are several records worldwide of this species. I suggest it as Least Concern (LC).


Geographic range

The species in known in 9 countries. In Brazil, it is known in 1 of the 26 states.


Population and Trends

There are about 366 records of this species in GBIF.

Population Trend: Stable


Habitat and Ecology

Commonly found on soil and herbivore dung. In Brazil, the species is found in Atlantic Forest and Caatinga.


Threats

In Brazil, this species is recorded in the Atlantic Forest and Caatinga.

Small-holder farmingAgro-industry farmingSmall-holder plantationsScale Unknown/Unrecorded

Conservation Actions


Research needed

The species has a fragmented distribution. Studies about its population distribution are needed.

TaxonomyPopulation trends

Use and Trade

Production of bioemulsifiers (SILVA et al., 2014), enzymes (SANTIAGO & SOUZA-MOTTA, 2006, PAIVA et al., 2019);  bioremediation processes (BABU et al., 2019, DE OLIVEIRA CARVALHO et al., 2019).


Bibliography

SILVA, N. R. A. Potencial biotecnológico de Cunninghamella echinulata UCP 1297 na produção de biossurfactante por fermentação submersa. 2014.
SANTIAGO, A. L. C. M. A.; SOUZA-MOTTA, C. M. Mucorales isolados do solo demineração de cobre e produção deamilase e inulinase. Acta Botanica Brasilica, v. 20, n. 3, p. 641-647, 2006.
PAIVA, J. B. D. P. Produção de tanase por Cunninghamella echinulata UCP 1305 através de fermentação submersa utilizando meios alternativos contendo resíduos agroindustriais. 2019.
BABU, A. G.; REJA, S. I.; AKHTAR, N.; SULTANA, M.; DEORE, P. S.; ALI, F. I. Bioremediation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs): Current Practices and Outlook. In: Microbial Metabolism of Xenobiotic Compounds. Springer, Singapore, 2019. p. 189-216.
DE OLIVEIRA CARVALHO, P. H.; ARRUDA, E. L.; JAPIASSUL, K. B.; DE MELO SOUZA, P. L. II-442-BIORREMEDIAÇÃO DO PROPOFOL CATALISADA POR Cunninghamella elegans ATCC 26169 PARA TRATAMENTO DE EFLUENTES. 2019.
ZHENG, Y-Y.; CHEN, G-Q. A monograph of Cunninghamella. Mycotaxon, v. 80, p. 1-75, 2001.


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted