• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Cunninghamella elegans Lendn.

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Scientific name
Cunninghamella elegans
Author
Lendn.
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Chytrid, Zygomycete, Downy Mildew and Slime Mould
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Zygomycota
Class
Incertae sedis
Order
Mucorales
Family
Cunninghamellaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Leslie Freitas
Comments etc.
Leslie Freitas

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Colonies initially white becoming light gray after five days, at a 28 °C. Rhizoids and stolons present. Sporangiophores hyaline, erect or recumbent, with a long main axis, 4–12 μm diam, all ending in a vesicle. Branches single, in pairs or commonly verticillate. Vesicles globose and subglobose,  hyaline, 16–35 μm diam. sporangiola hyaline, ovoid, ellipsoid, 6–14 × 5–12 μm,  some globose to subglobose (4–10 μm diam), some with a pointed end, equinulate. Sporangiospores commonly remaining within the sporangiola.  Chlamydospores Absent. Zygosporangia reddish-brown, with projections, monosporus. Heterothallic.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

It is a widespread species that should be categorized as Least Concern (LC).


Geographic range


Population and Trends

There are about 274 records of this species in GBIF.

Population Trend:


Habitat and Ecology

Reported on soil, stocked grains, animal dung, fish flour, rotten mushroom, moth-eaten wood, moldy pine needles, rotten polypore, dried medicinal herbs, ant nest. In Brazil, this species have been moslty recorded in the Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest and Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest,  with some reports in Savanna and Subtropical/Tropical dry Shrubland domains.


Threats


Conservation Actions


Research needed

The species has a fragmented distribution in Brazil. Studies about its population distribution are needed.


Use and Trade

Are of great use in biotechnology, in the production of biosafers / bioemulsifiers (SILVA et al., 2014), inulinases (SANTIAGO & SOUZA-MOTTA, 2006), tanases (PAIVA et al., 2019) and in the soil bioremediation processes, with the removal of toxic compounds derived from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (BABU et al., 2019) and in the treatment of effluents (DE OLIVEIRA CARVALHO et al., 2019).BABU, A. G.; REJA, S. I.; AKHTAR, N.; SULTANA, M.; DEORE, P. S.; ALI, F. I. Bioremediation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs): Current Practices and Outlook. In: Microbial Metabolism of Xenobiotic Compounds. Springer, Singapore, 2019. p. 189-216.
DE OLIVEIRA CARVALHO, P. H.; ARRUDA, E. L.; JAPIASSUL, K. B.; DE MELO SOUZA, P. L. II-442-BIORREMEDIAÇÃO DO PROPOFOL CATALISADA POR Cunninghamella elegans ATCC 26169 PARA TRATAMENTO DE EFLUENTES. 2019.
ZHENG, Y-Y.; CHEN, G-Q. A monograph of Cunninghamella. Mycotaxon, v. 80, p. 1-75, 2001.


Bibliography

ZHENG, Y-Y .; CHEN, G-Q. A monograph of Cunninghamella. Mycotaxon, v. 80, p. 1-75, 2001.


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted