• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Lycoperdon fuligineum Berk. & M.A. Curtis

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Scientific name
Lycoperdon fuligineum
Author
Berk. & M.A. Curtis
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Agaricales
Family
Agaricaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Larissa Trierveiler-Pereira
Comments etc.
Tatiana Gibertoni, Larissa Trierveiler-Pereira

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Basidiomata depressed globose, subglobose to pyriform, growing on decaying wood. Subgleba reduced (< 1/3 of basidiome) composed of compacted cells. Exoperidium minute warts or spines (<0.5 mm in long.), persistent, brown to dark brown with age. Endoperidium surface smooth, cream. Gleba powdery, brown.Exoperidium base like the apex, composed of chains of
sphaerocysts (like in L. perlatum) that are globose, subglobose, ellipsoid, with truncate apices, except at the top of the chain, where they are pyriform. Endoperidium composed of interwoven hyphae that are hyaline and with wall <0.5 μm. Mycosclerids and inflated terminations absent. Capillitium absent. Paracapillitium abundant. Basidiospores globose, 4.5–7 μm, strongly verrucose in LM, aculeate in SEM; spines 0.5–1.7 μm long; the density of ornamentation 7–16 warts by a reduced area of 10 μm.

Common synonym: Morganella fuliginea (Berk. & Curt.) Kreisel &
Dring, Feddes Repert. 74:113 (1967).
Synonym: Morganella mexicana Zeller, Mycologia 40 (6):
650 (1948) – MycoBank: MB 288452.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Due to the several records in the Neotropics, we suggest this species to be categorized as Least Concern (LC).


Geographic range

Known from tropical and subtropical America (13 countries).


Population and Trends

There are 393 records of this species in GBIF (as Morganella fuliginea), most of them from Brazil (180) and Costa Rica (146).

Population Trend: Uncertain


Habitat and Ecology

Common in Brazil, found on rotting wood. In Brazil, the species is found in Atlantic Forest, Amazon Forest, Caatinga and Cerrado.

Subtropical/Tropical Dry ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestDry SavannaMoist SavanaSubtropical/Tropical Dry ShrublandSubtropical/Tropical Moist Shrubland

Threats

In Brazil, this species is well distributed. However, it is found in the Atlantic Forest, a hotspot, in the Amazonia (currently being deforested at the highest rates in the last decades) and Cerrado (also a hotspot). Also, Caatinga is threatened with desertification.

Housing & urban areasCommercial & industrial areasTourism & recreation areasAgro-industry farmingAgro-industry plantationsMining & quarryingRoads & railroads

Conservation Actions

Reports in Brazil are from protected and unprotected area.

Site/area protection

Research needed

We need more collections in herbaria and better taxonomic understanding - many collections are misidentified as Lycoperdon (=Morganella) fuliginea, but correspond to different species.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trends

Use and Trade

None

Unknown

Bibliography


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted