Rare and distinctive species. Large fleshy bolete with beautiful pinkish red to carmine red cap, yellow pores and stem. Threaten by loss of habitat, air pollution, modern forestry. It is red-listed in 16 European countries. Small populations.
Preliminary global red-list assessment: DD (Data Deficient)
Obviously a rare species, red-listed in all European countries (16) where it is known.
Probably not the same species in Asia and North America
More information needed: If the Asian and north American reports of the taxon is the same taxon as reported in Europe. Also about its habitat and the status of the population/ha bitat.
In Europe widespread but not found in the far north and generally more common in south. Localities in North America and Japan. Extinct(?) in Netherlands.
Small populations. Europe : Vulnerable?
Red listed in 11 countries with IUCN categories and in 5 countries with national red-list categories.
Population Trend: Stable
Broadleaf forests, mycorrhizal with oaks (Quercus), beech (Fagus) or sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa)
Loss of habitat, air pollution, modern forestry. In some countries could be endangered by side effects of harvesting edible mushrooms in enormous quantities (raking of litter and soil, intensive trampling and soil erosion, the deposition of waste etc). These methods may damage the habitats of the edible fungi, perhaps in an irreversible way.
Protection of ancient woodland and especially of known sites, where a management system ensuring the right age profile in the stands of the tree partner should be implemented.
Distribution, population trends and research into the ecological requirements of the species.
Alessio, C.L. 1985. Boletus Dill. ex L. (sensu lato). – In: Fungi Europaei. Vol. 2. Pp. 1–705. Libreria editrice Biella Giovanna, Saronno.
Assyov, B. (2012). Revision of Boletus section Appendiculati (Boletaceae) in Bulgaria with a key to the Balkan species. – Turkish Journal of Botany 36: 408–419.
Anonymous 1993. First informal proposal for candidates for listing the Fungi in Appendix I of the Bern Convention. III Meeting of ECCF, Neuchatel, Suisse.
British Boletes, with keys to species, Geoffrey Kibby (self published) 3rd Edition 2012
Roy Watling & Hills, A.E. 2005. Boletes and their allies (revised and enlarged edition), - in: Henderson, D.M., Orton, P.D. & Watling, R. [eds]. British Fungus Flora. Agarics and boleti. Vol. 1. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh