This species was initially found near Penang Hill, Malaysia, as described in Massee 1906. If any wild populations still exist at this locality, they are unlikely to be under threat, although further research is required to confirm this. Only 2 further specimens are known, both of which are preserved by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh Herbarium. Although these latter specimens are known to have been collected from lowland dipterocarp forest, little is known about the habitat preferences of the type specimen. Until further information regarding this species’ present distribution, its habitat preferences, and potential threats arises from further research, this species is listed as DD.
Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?
The type specimen of this species was found near Penang Hill, Penang, Malaysia (Massee 1906). Two further specimens are known to be preserved by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh Herbarium. Both of these specimens were collected in November of 1997, in the Pasoh Forest Reserve, Malaysia (geographic points provided by gbif, citation needed).
Population and Trends
This species appears to exist under protection. This species is known only from areas of protection, and all known specimens exist as preserved by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh Herbarium. Without further information, it is assumed that this species’ population remains stable.
Population Trend: Stable
Habitat and Ecology
The type specimen of this species was found, ‘on the ground’ (Massee 1906) near Penang Hill. The two additional collections made in the Pasoh Forest Reserve were caespitose in habit and occurred within the lowland dipterocarp forests of this location.
Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest
This species is thought to occur entirely under protection, either as preserved specimens by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh Herbarium, or within protected land. Both the Pasoh Forest Reserve and Penang Hill appear to be protected, and so it is unlikely that this species is significantly threatened.
This species appears to exist under protection, and its habitat shows no signs of being significantly threatened. No conservation action can be recommended at this time.
Further information regarding this species’ distribution, habitat preferences, and whether its protection is still in action is required in order to accurately classify this species.
Population size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyThreats