Stromata gregarious and sometimes fasciculate to solitary and scattered, unbranched, dichotomously branched, or palmately branched, 1-4(-6) cm long; tip at first conidiogenous. Fertile portion subapical, cylindrical in section, 1-2(-5) cm long 2-3 mm diam., rounded or apiculate at apex, apiculus 2-3 mm long; at first brown and with brown hairs,later hairs not evident and brown tissue splitting longitudinally; perithecia completely immersed, 400-1000 µm diam., ostioles umbilicate, difficult to see. Internal tissue of stroma white, solid. Stipe sharply delimited from fertile portion, wiry, 1-1.5(-2) mm diam.; at first with stiff, erect, setose, brown hyphal hairs; hairs not evident on old material (Rogers,& Samuels,1986).
Due to the several records worldwide, I suggest this species to be categorized as Least Concert (LC).
According to GBIF there are 276 occurrences in the world.
According to GBIF the countries with the most occurrences are New Zealand and Australia.
Population Trend: Improving
On decaying, decorticated wood of dicotyledonous trees, less frequently on vines of Ripogonum scandens J. R. & G. Forst. (Smilacaceae) and
on stems of Freycinetia baueriana Endlicher var. banksii (A. Cunn.) B. C. Stone (Pandanaceae). More common in mixed podocarp forests than in Nothofagus forests.
In Brazil the species was registered in an environmental protection area, but it is an area that suffers from anthropogenic actions.
Species found in environmental conservation area in Brazil. But like other species it needs preservation together with the beings with which it is associated.
The genus Xylaria presents many complexes that are not well defined, taxonomic and phylogenetic studies are needed to better define their species.
Production of compounds for industry.