• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Xylaria apiculata Cooke

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Scientific name
Xylaria apiculata
Author
Cooke
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Unknown
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Ascomycota
Class
Sordariomycetes
Order
Xylariales
Family
Xylariaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
LAYANNE FERRO
Comments etc.
LAYANNE FERRO

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Stromata gregarious and sometimes fasciculate to solitary and scattered, unbranched, dichotomously branched, or palmately branched, 1-4(-6) cm long; tip at first conidiogenous. Fertile portion subapical, cylindrical in section, 1-2(-5) cm long 2-3 mm diam., rounded or apiculate at apex, apiculus 2-3 mm long; at first brown and with brown hairs,later hairs not evident and brown tissue splitting longitudinally; perithecia completely immersed, 400-1000 µm diam., ostioles umbilicate, difficult to see. Internal tissue of stroma white, solid. Stipe sharply delimited from fertile portion, wiry, 1-1.5(-2) mm diam.; at first with stiff, erect, setose, brown hyphal hairs; hairs not evident on old material (Rogers,& Samuels,1986).


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Due to the several records worldwide, I suggest this species to be categorized as Least Concert (LC).


Geographic range

According to GBIF there are 276 occurrences in the world.


Population and Trends

According to GBIF the countries with the most occurrences are New Zealand and Australia.

Population Trend: Improving


Habitat and Ecology

On decaying, decorticated wood of dicotyledonous trees, less frequently on vines of Ripogonum scandens J. R. & G. Forst. (Smilacaceae) and
on stems of Freycinetia baueriana Endlicher var. banksii (A. Cunn.) B. C. Stone (Pandanaceae). More common in mixed podocarp forests than in Nothofagus forests.

Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestOther

Threats

In Brazil the species was registered in an environmental protection area, but it is an area that suffers from anthropogenic actions.

Housing & urban areasTourism & recreation areas

Conservation Actions

Species found in environmental conservation area in Brazil. But like other species it needs preservation together with the beings with which it is associated.

Site/area protection

Research needed

The genus Xylaria presents many complexes that are not well defined, taxonomic and phylogenetic studies are needed to better define their species.

TaxonomyLife history & ecologyThreats

Use and Trade

Production of compounds for industry.

Manufacturing chemicalsOther chemicalsResearch

Bibliography


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted