• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Xylaria curta Fr.

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Scientific name
Xylaria curta
Author
Fr.
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Unknown
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Ascomycota
Class
Sordariomycetes
Order
Xylariales
Family
Xylariaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
LAYANNE FERRO
Comments etc.
LAYANNE FERRO

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Fruiting bodies 6–15 cm in length, 0.5–1 cm in broad (Fig. 1), growing either singly or in groups which are typically seen emerging from soil, dark brown, becoming darker at maturity. Stromata with fertile part is cylindrical-clavate, with rounded, fertile apices, unbranched, single or clustered, shortstipitate, stipe smooth and black. External surface is blackish with golden brown scales,
roughened with small wrinkles, internally white and occasionally becoming hollow. Perithecia completely immersed, up to 0.5 mm
diam., ostioles black, papillate (Ramesh et al., 2012).


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Due to the several records worldwide, I suggest this species to be categorized as Least Concert (LC).


Geographic range

According to GBIF there are 182 occurrences in the world.


Population and Trends

According to GBIF the countries with the most occurrences are Brazil and Congo.

Population Trend: Improving


Habitat and Ecology

Substrate is undetermined decaying wood. Growth rate is high, 5.8–7.5 cm/week, covering petri dish in 6–8 days. Mycelial mat is white at early stage, later it is brown to black coloured. Hyphae are thin-walled and branched. The fruiting bodies arise in the spring. They may persist for several months or even years and can release spores continuously during this time.

Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestOther

Threats

In Brazil the species was registered in an environmental protection area, but it is an area that suffers from anthropogenic actions.

Housing & urban areasTourism & recreation areas

Conservation Actions

Species found in environmental conservation area in Brazil. But like other species it needs preservation together with the beings with which it is associated.

Site/area protection

Research needed

The genus Xylaria presents many complexes that are not well defined, taxonomic and phylogenetic studies are needed to better define their species.

TaxonomyThreatsActionsOther

Use and Trade

Production of compounds for industry.

Manufacturing chemicals

Bibliography


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted