Small population size (less than 10,000) and decline associated with habitat loss.
Pacific and Southeast Asia, Brazil. Pantropical.
Decreasing population due to habitat loss. Worldwide, 135 localities are known. The total
number of localities may be up to 10 times higher and hence, the total number of localities is estimated at 1350. This is estimated to correspond
to 2700 genetically unique mycelia (i.e. 2 functional individuals or genotypes/locality).
Population Trend: Decreasing
Saprotrophic fungus that grows in the forest on dead wood, twigs and bark (Corner 1954). In the Japanese Hachijo and Bonin Islands, the fungus mainly grows on the decaying petioles of the palm Phenix roeberenii (Mori et al. 2011). The species is hygrophilous and recognized as subtropical (Niitsu et al. 2000), but a recent study by Desjardin et al. (2010) also categorizes it as pantropical.
The main threat to this fungus is habitat loss, the destruction of the tropical rainforests the fungus grows in (Niitsu et al. 2000). Desjardin, et al. (2007) in it’s description of Mycena chlorophos in Brazil highlights the Atlantic Forest habitat one of the three most threatened ecosystems in the world.
Conservation of Mycena chlorophos is inevitably linked with conservation of the rainforests it resides in, which would focus on limiting continued deforestation, and planting and growing back lost parts of the forest. Niitsu and Hanyuda (2000) also recommend studying breeding techniques of the fungus for its ecological preservation.
Recommended research into generation length, and getting a clearer scope on population size.
Corner, E. (1954). Further descriptions of luminous agarics. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 37(3), 256,IN4-271,IN4.
Mori, Kenichi, Kojima, Satoshi, Maki, Shojiro, Hirano, Takashi, & Niwa, Haruki. (2011). Bioluminescence characteristics of the fruiting body of Mycena chlorophos. Luminescence (Chichester, England), 26(6), 604-610.
Niitsu, Hisashi, & Hanyuda, Nobuo. (2000). Fruit-body production of a luminous mushroom,Mycena chlorophos. Mycoscience, 41(6), 559-564.
Desjardin, Dennis E, Perry, Brian A, Lodge, D. Jean, Stevani, Cassius V, & Nagasawa, Eiji. (2010). Luminescent Mycena: New and noteworthy species. Mycologia, 102(2), 459-477.
Dennis E. Desjardin, Marina Capelari, & Cassius Stevani. (2007). Bioluminescent Mycena Species from SãO Paulo, Brazil. Mycologia, 99(2), 317-331.
“Mycena chlorophos (Berk. & M.A.Curtis) Sacc.,” Global Biodiversity Information Facility, accessed December 2, 2020, https://www.gbif.org/species/3318221.