Stropharia halophila is a species with striking, large basidiocarps that is restricted to yellow dunes with Ammophila arenaria along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of Europe. It is rare to very rare and the sites are potentially endangered by expanding development of touristic accomodations, artificial dune fixation and climate change.
Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of Europe.
Known from very few, scattered and fragmented localities within the described area. Trends unknown, probably declining.
Population Trend: Uncertain
In natural, dynamic, yellow dunes near the shore, probably saprotrophic on litter of Ammophila.
Main threat is artificial fixation of the coast, e.g. by planting of Ammophila or forest. Also recreational developmant and in the longer term rising of the sealevel by global warming.
Protection of natural dune systems against human actions.
Monitoring of sites for a better understanding of population dynamics and ecological requirements.
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Noordeloos. 2011. Strophariaceae s.l. Fungi Europaei 13.