• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Glomus glomerulatum Sieverd.

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Scientific name
Glomus glomerulatum
Author
Sieverd.
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Unknown
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Glomeromycota
Class
Glomeromycetes
Order
Glomerales
Family
Glomeraceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Joana Veras
Comments etc.
Leonor Maia, Joana Veras

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Sporocarpous species, with globose / subglobose spores, all with 2-3 subsequent hyphae. Wall in a group with two layers, the first laminated, from golden yellow to dark brown and the second membranous, thin (<1.0 µm) and hyaline.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Considering the common record of this species in different ecosystems and countries I suggest its classification as LC.


Geographic range

Despite the low records of this species in GBIF (5), besides Colombia, where it was
described, it was also recorded in Argentina, Brazil and China.


Population and Trends

It is believed that with more studies in different habitats, this species will increase its occurrence number.
 

Population Trend: Uncertain


Habitat and Ecology

In Brazil, this species is found in natural and disturbed areas of different
biomes: Amazon rainforest, Cerrado, Atlantic rainforest and Caatinga

Subtropical/Tropical Dry Forest

Threats

As mandatory symbionts, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi pass a part of the life cycle associated with a host (plant). Thus, the main threats related to these fungi are the loss of vegetation and soil disturbances

Housing & urban areasOther ecosystem modificationsHabitat shifting & alteration

Conservation Actions

Soil microorganisms, especially arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, receive little attention in the field of conservation biology, although they play a crucial role in the production of fundamental ecosystem services, such as fertility, soil formation and maintenance, nutrient cycling and plant community dynamics , among others. For the conservation of these fungi, in addition to the soil, it is also necessary to preserve the associated

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionHabitat & natural process restoration

Research needed

In a future scenario, it is important to develop an information system that can predict the degree to which plants depend on mycorrhizal fungi and the effects of this association for both symbionts. In this perspective, understanding more about the evolutionary history and ecological aspects of these fungi, can help to understand the variation in functional attributes between species and even predict the result of interactions between the fungus and the host.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyOther

Use and Trade

Unknown

Bibliography

JOBIM¹, KHADIJA; OLIVEIRA, BRUNA IOHANNA SANTOS; GOTO, BRUNO TOMIO. Checklist of the Glomeromycota in the Brazilian Savanna. 2016.
WINAGRASKI, Etienne et al. DIVERSITY OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI IN FOREST ECOSYSTEMS OF BRAZIL: A REVIEW. Cerne, v. 25, n. 1, p. 25-35, 2019.
GOTO, Bruno Tomio; MAIA, Leonor Costa. Espécies esporocarpicas de fungos micorrízicos arbusculares (Glomeromycota), com novo relatório do Brasil. Acta Bot. Bras. São Paulo, v. 19, n. 3, p. 633-637,
MAIA, Leonor Costa et al. Species diversity of Glomeromycota in Brazilian biomes. Sydowia, v. 72, p. 181-205, 2020.
Glomus glomerulatum Sieverd. in GBIF Secretariat (2021). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy.
Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2021-07-07.
Sieverding, E. (1987) A VA-mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus glomerulatum sp. nov., with
two hyphal attachments and spores formed only in sporocarps: In: Mycotaxon 29:74-
http://www.zor.zut.edu.pl/Glomeromycota/Glomus glomerulatum.html


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted