Racocetra fulgida previously assigned as Scutellospora fulgida is recognized by immature spores are a tan color with slight rose tint and differs from other species by it germination shield hyaline and relatively simple wall structur (Oehl et al., 2008).
We suggest this species to be categorized as Least Concern (LC) due to the several records worldwide.
The species is known in 10 countries. The valid species and its synonym have different occurrence data, Racocetra fulgida with 25 occurrences and Scutellospora castaneafulgida with 31 occurrences (GBIF).
There are about 56 records in 9 countries (GBIF).
Population Trend: Uncertain
In Brazil, the species is found in Atlantic Forest, Caatinga and Cerrado.
This species is found in the Atlantic Forest and Cerrado (hotspot). Also, Caatinga is threatened with desertification.
Most records are in area with native vegetation of Brazil. The isolation of this fungus in controlled condition represents an advance for the conservation of this species.
Other areas should be studied in order to assess the distribution of this species.
Oehl F, de Souza FA, Sieverding E. 2008. Revision of Scutellospora and description of five new genera and three new families in the arbuscular mycorrhiza-forming Glomeromycetes. Mycotaxon 106:311–360.
Jobim, K., Vista, X. M., & Goto, B. T. 2018. Updates on the knowledge of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (Glomeromycotina) in the Atlantic Forest biome–an example of very high species richness in the Brazilian landscape. Mycotaxon, 133(1), 209-209.
Cofré, M. N., Soteras, F., del Rosario Iglesias, M., Velázquez, S., Abarca, C., Risio, L., ... & Lugo, M. A. 2019. Biodiversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America: A Review. In Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America (pp. 49-72). Springer, Cham.