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Mycena lacrimans Singer

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Scientific name
Mycena lacrimans
Author
Singer
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Agaricales
Family
Mycenaceae
Assessment status
Published
Assessment date
2020-03-31
IUCN Red List Category
DD
Assessors
Neves, M.A., de Andrade Borges, M. & Cardoso, J.S.
Reviewers
Smith, M. & Mueller, G.M.

Assessment Notes

The content on this page is fetched from The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/172741609/172861247

Justification

This bioluminescent fungus is poorly known as the whole region is under-sampled. It is only known from three collections at two sites. There is insufficient information to be able to estimate its population size or trend, extent of occurrence or area of occupancy, and it is therefore assessed as Data Deficient.

Geographic range

There are only two records, both from the Amazon region (Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil): Reserva Florestal Ducke (2° 52' 59.9988'' S, 59° 58' 0.0012'' W) and along federal highway BR-319 near km83 (3° 6' 6.984'' S, 60° 1' 30.0072'' W and 3° 37' 12.6984'' S, 60° 12' 44.7984'' W). It is likely to be under-sampled, and it is possible that it also occurs in other countries in the Amazon region.

Population and Trends

It is a rare fungus, collected three times from sites in the Amazon. Mycena lacrimans was described from a single basidiome collected by Singer in 1989 from Reserva Florestal Ducke. The only further collections are from a second site near the type locality: in 2005 and 2007 the species was collected again by Desjardin and redescribed from material collected there. There is insufficient information to be able to estimate its population size or trend, as so little is known about its distribution due to under-sampling.

Population Trend: unknown


Habitat and Ecology

This is a bioluminescent fungus. It occurs solitary or scattered on fallen dicotyledonous leaves and small twigs in terra-firme evergreen forest, near water bodies (igapós: flooded forest and igarapés: small creeks) (Desjardin and Braga-Neto 2007).

Threats

Due to clearing for agricultural areas, illegal logging, urbanization (expansion of nearby Manaus) and mining, the Amazon has been deforested and burned. According to the Amazon Monitoring Program of INPE (2019) between 2018 and 2019 there was a substantial increase in clearing. Approximately 17% of the original Amazon vegetation has already been cleared.

Conservation Actions

The first record of this species is from a site currently within a Protected Area, however it has not yet been refound there. The site with more records, although nearby, is unprotected. More sampling is needed to better understand this species' distribution. Additionally, taxonomic studies on the group are necessary, due to Mycena lacrimans being a difficult species to place in the infrageneric groups known in Mycena.

Actions which would be beneficial to this species include: resuming and intensifying campaigns to prevent burning; intensifying combating fires; increasing inspection and monitoring of deforestation. Furthermore, the protection of sites and conservation action are essential for the preservation of threatened areas.

Use and Trade

No use/trade is known.

Source and Citation

Neves, M.A., de Andrade Borges, M. & Cardoso, J.S. 2020. Mycena lacrimans. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T172741609A172861247. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T172741609A172861247.en .Accessed on 31 January 2022

Country occurrence