Subgenus Echinoramaria, sometimes placed in the genus Phaeoclavulina Brinkm.
This clavarioid fungus is rare with less than 100 localities known worldwide. The small populations and destructions of the species habitats imply a threat. (Johan NItare)
Northern and Central Europe, Russia (Urals) and Japan. Mostly found in the temperate (nemoral) zon. In the Nordic countries, the species found once in Finland (Åland), about 10 times in costal regions in SE Sweden, tre times in costal localities in Norway (once in the boreal zon), single times in England, Germany and Switzerland. Reports from North America are wrong and refer to the closely related species Ramaria americana.
A thermopilic saprotrophic species occurring only on calcareous soils in semi-arid regions.The fungus occurs both on the forest floor in broadleaved deciduous woodlands and in xerophytic calcareous semi-natural grasslands. Almost all localities in the Nordic countries are from costal spots.
In woodland localities, the main threat is logging. In previously open grazed xerophytic semi-natural grasslands, the main threat is that localities has been abandoned and become overgrown. Also the very small and isolated populations is a threat in itself and exploitation of the growing spots.
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Shiryaev, A.G. 2007. Clavarioid fungi of the Urals II. The nemoral zone. Karstenia 47(1): 5-16.