• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Glomus australe (Berk.) S.M. Berch

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Scientific name
Glomus australe
(Berk.) S.M. Berch
Common names
IUCN Specialist Group
Assessment status
Proposed by
Joana Veras
Comments etc.
Leonor Maia, Joana Veras

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Also known as Endogone australis. Sporocarp-shaped, the spores have a wall with two layers: the outer one is hyaline or pale yellow and the inner one is brown.

Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Due to the lack of adequate information to make a direct or indirect assessment of its risk of extinction, based on its distribution and / or population status, I would suggest that this species be categorized as insufficient data (DD).

Geographic range

According to GBIF, this species is present in only 2 countries with 44 occurrences. However, this species has already been described for Brazil.

Population and Trends

As it was described in Australia, a characteristic that gave rise to its name, this species had a greater occurrence in the country. However, although not common, this species is already mentioned for Brazil in Pernambuco, Alagoas, among others.

Population Trend:

Habitat and Ecology

This species is registered in the Brazilian biomes: Atlantic Forest and Amazon.

Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest


As mandatory symbionts, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi pass a part of the life cycle associated with a host (plant). Thus, the main threats related to these fungi are the loss of vegetation and soil disturbances

Housing & urban areasScale Unknown/UnrecordedUnintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)

Conservation Actions

Soil microorganisms, especially arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, receive little attention in the field of conservation biology, although they play a crucial role in the production of fundamental ecosystem services, such as fertility, soil formation and maintenance, nutrient cycling and plant community dynamics , among others. For the conservation of these fungi, in addition to the soil, it is also necessary to preserve the associated

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionHabitat & natural process restoration

Research needed

In a future scenario, it is important to develop an information system that can predict the degree to which plants depend on mycorrhizal fungi and the effects of this association for both symbionts. In this perspective, understanding more about the evolutionary history and ecological aspects of these fungi, can help to understand the variation in functional attributes between species and even predict the result of interactions between the fungus and the host.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyThreats

Use and Trade



MAIA, Leonor Costa et al. Species diversity of Glomeromycota in Brazilian biomes. Sydowia, v. 72, p. 181-205, 2020.

Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted